For cannabis to produce seeds, the male and female plants must come together. Male cannabis alone cannot produce seeds. To understand whether cannabis is male or female, it needs to grow. However, some females can self-fertilize. And of course, feminized plants are best for getting seeds. After the seeds mature, the female plant starts to die and at this point, the pods obtained from the female plant are dried and used for entertainment or health purposes. Below, we aimed to answer the question ” What Cannabis Plant Produces Seeds ?”
Cannabis is the only plant whose male and female can be distinguished by eye. Cannabis products used for medicinal or recreational purposes are obtained from female cannabis plants.
To produce seeds, the female plant must be fertilized by a male plant. Male cannabis alone cannot produce seeds. To understand whether cannabis is male or female, it needs to grow. When some female plants stay in bloom for a long time, they can fertilize the females around them like the male plant. And of course, feminized plants are best for getting seeds. After the seeds mature, the female plant begins to die, and at this point, the pods obtained from the female plant are dried and used for recreational or health purposes.
Which type of cannabis you use will differ depending on what you are growing it for. If you are growing cannabis for its stem or fibers, the type is more important than the sex. However, if you are going to grow cannabis for medical purposes, both the type and gender will be important to you.
How To Tell The Gender Of Cannabis?
It is impossible to distinguish cannabis sex by looking at the seed. Only when you use feminized cannabis seeds can you be sure of the sex of the plant. Under normal circumstances, the sex of the cannabis plant is not understood until it begins to grow. However, after the plant reaches a certain maturity, it can be understood that it is male or female. Also, only female cannabis gives seeds.
What Is Regular Cannabis Seeds?
Although it is the most used type of seed in the world, the downside is that nearly half of it is male cannabis plant seeds, that is, the seeds are mixed as female and male. However, the purchase cost of regular cannabis seeds is lower than feminized cannabis seeds.
What Are Feminized Cannabis Seeds?
It is not possible to understand whether the seed of the cannabis plant is male or female. It is understood only after the plant has sprouted. This is why some producers prefer feminized cannabis seeds. Feminized cannabis seeds are seeds that are only used to grow human cannabis plants. Growers carefully stress female cannabis plants to produce feminized cannabis seeds.
When a mature female cannabis plant is stressed, it produces seeds to maintain its genetic line. Seeds of a stressed female cannabis plant retain the same genetic makeup as their mother and contain only female chromosomes. Since feminized seeds have only one gene sequence, there is no possibility of a male plant. Feminized cannabis seeds are larger and stronger, but cost more than regular cannabis seeds. It is preferred by farmers who want to produce hemp biomass with more CBD content.
What Is Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds?
In order for the cannabis plant to enter the flowering period, the light it receives must be reduced to 12 hours a day. Self-flowering seeds, on the other hand, bloom after a certain period of time, regardless of environmental factors. Autoflowering seeds are available in Indica, Sativa, and hybrid varieties.
What Is The Difference Between Cannabis Seeds And Cannabis Clones?
The clone is formed by rooting a small branch from a plant by creating suitable conditions. The rooted plant carries the characteristics of the mother plant from which it’s cut. Seeds, on the other hand, carry the characteristics of their parents, just like a child. For this reason, it is difficult to achieve the same quality in seed production. Producers generally continue to produce with the clone from the good species instead of producing from seed.
Several factors determine the quality of cannabis seeds. First of all, the plant must be allowed to fully mature. They then need to be properly stored so they don’t get moldy or other pathogens that can spoil them. Seeds should be stored in a dark, cool place and used within 16 months or frozen for future use. The most important factor in seed quality is genetics. To grow quality cannabis, you need good genetics. It can take years to get good genetics. You can get your genetics by cross-fertilizing your plants with the highest values.
How To Distinguish Between Male And Female Cannabis?
Industrial cannabis normally has reproductive organs from different organisms, i.e. all male flowers on one plant or all female flowers on one plant. Plants complete pollination (anemophilous). It relies on the wind for it. There are some differences between male and female cannabis plants. In some cases, these differences are not significant, but when it comes to cannabis plants and you want to grow your buds or you need to know the differences, in case you need them.
There is no way to tell from the seeds whether a plant is male or female, so you have to plant it and watch it grow to be able to determine its sex. You can tell very early if a plant is male, but it will probably take 2 to 6 weeks to grow before you can notice these changes.
One of the notable changes is that male plants have wider, thicker stems. This is because they will grow larger and gain weight to sustain themselves. They need to be distributed. Often, a male plant will grow faster than female plants. Male plants do not form buds like females but grow small nodes. If you look at the plant’s joints where the stem meets the branches, there are flat rounded nodes that indicate that the plant is male.
A female plant will not only have smaller leaves but also many more leaves. They are denser because they prevent the plant’s fruit or buds from blooming and are responsible for growing. Female plants also have round nodes on their stems, but hairs are growing from them. They may be more V-shaped than round to signal that they are not male. This type will also be shorter than the others, as it will not grow as tall as the male plants. One reason may be that they are slightly wider rather than taller compared to men.
Male cannabis plants have thick stems and long stature to deliver their pollen to the female cannabis plant, unlike male cannabis plants, female cannabis plants have a wider but not tall stem to carry their flowers. The female cannabis plant has more leaves than the male plant, but it should be noted that to distinguish between female and male cannabis plants, the plant should be at least 4-6 weeks old.
The cannabis plant has two main life stages, the growth stage and the flowering stage, the growth stage starts from the moment the cannabis seed germinates and lasts for about 4-6 weeks depending on the type of seed, then the flowering stage begins and the plant begins to show signs of pre-flowering. It is incredibly difficult, if not impossible, to determine the sex of cannabis during its growth phase. Therefore, a grower must wait until the pre-flowering signs appear, which is the point that signals us between the growth and flowering phase. Capturing the male plants and separating the female plants in this short period minimizes many future problems. can minimize.
Ways To Distinguish The Sex Of The Cannabis Plant At The Earliest Stage
After 4 or 6 weeks of growth, it’s time to distinguish the cannabis plant.
Check the joints in the trunk for male cannabis plants. Small balls growing at the joints of the trunk (where other branches meet the trunk) are the main indicator of male plants. These balls produce pollen and cause seeding in female cannabis plants. In female plants, there is a tasseled area called pistil in the joint areas, but in male plants there are round and tasselless balls in this area.
Androgynous Hermaphrodite Cannabis Plant
When faced with unfavorable weather conditions or stressed for various reasons, cannabis can change sex and fertilize itself and continue to reproduce. This should be taken care of in case of damage to other cannabis plants growing next to it. And also Hermaphrodite (Bisexual) cannabis plant develops both male and female reproductive organs. When the cannabis plant is androgynous, they can reproduce on their own, meaning that the female plant will seed and have a lower THC ratio. To prevent the self-reproduction of hermaphrodite plants, carefully tear off the male reproductive organs formed at the joints. You can do this by gently using a pollen sac between two fingers.
Why You Should Grow from Feminized Cannabis Seeds?
It makes more sense to use feminized cannabis seeds because if you germinate Normal seeds, half of them are probably male plants that you should discard. When you feminize cannabis seeds, you can plan a full and productive garden.
Also, even states where it is legal to grow cannabis have a limit on the number of plants. For example, if you are an adult living in California, you can produce up to six plants per household. If you use normal seeds, your seeds may turn out to be male, which indicates that all your efforts have been wasted. Because male cannabis alone is useless.
You can’t tell the sex of a plant for weeks when using regular seed. As a result, until you can determine the sex of your plants, you have no choice but to breed them. You can discover the sex of a plant at the beginning of its flowering stage.
Feminized Cannabis Seeds Pros & Cons
Pros of Feminizing Cannabis Seeds
- Every plant will produce buds
- A near 100% strike rate means, there’s no concern about wasting space on plants that you’ll eventually remove from the growing area
- Without pollen sacs from male plants, there is no chance of pollination
- There is no need to wait for the flowering phase to see if the plants are male or female
Cons of Feminizing Cannabis Seeds
- They are not a good choice if you aim to produce seeds, because they prevent the development of male genetics.
- If you want to develop new species, you need male seeds to establish an active breeding program.
How to Feminize Cannabis Seeds
You can purchase feminized cannabis seeds from breeders. The most commonly used feminization techniques are;
It is a natural remedy and more accessible but far from effective. The idea is to keep the female plant in bloom well beyond the ideal harvest time. This causes the plant to become stressed and form pollen sacs. Once the sacs appear, you can harvest the pollen. So it is not a reliable method. Because Cannabis plants respond differently to stress. Some species produce pollen sacs continuously under pressure, while others do not. It works best when you find a cannabis strain that reliably develops pouches. The other problem is that you are choosing plants that are naturally hermaphrodite, So the resulting seeds can go that way too.
- Colloidal Silver
This form of silver causes a female plant to produce male pollen sacs and is far more reliable than rodelization. You can purchase colloidal silver or try to make it yourself using: a soldering iron, alligator chips, A 9-volt battery and a connector, pure silver; you can use a coin or some wire, for example and distilled water.
Finding 100 % silver is a huge challenge. As a result, it is best to purchase a colloidal silver solution from a reputable brand. The next step is to select a female cannabis plant. Be sure to mist it daily with silver after blooming. This process continues until male pollen sacs begin to form. It usually takes 10 to 14 days for this to happen.
When the harvest time comes, the pollen swells and begins to open. Continue spraying the bud areas until the sacs are ready. Feminized pollen is collected when the worms begin to crack. It is used to pollinate a female plant that has been in bloom for at least two weeks. Six weeks after pollination, the calyx of the female plant becomes oily and swollen. This is a sign that you need to harvest. And as a result, you have created Feminized seeds.
Other Methods, Cloning female cannabis means high success and low cost. You are not feminizing the seeds, but you are getting female plants and buds. Cloning is very useful but lets you create a single strain.
The Best Feminized Cannabis Seeds on the Market
If you’re planning to grow cannabis or want to buy feminized cannabis seeds, here are seven of the best strains,
1. Northern Lights
- Growing Difficulty: Easy
- Ready for Harvest: 7-9 weeks, or mid-October
It is a famous breed that everyone knows. It has 90% Indica genetics. When it comes to growing it (Northern Lights), you’re best off in a warm Mediterranean climate. Those in California will be lucky with this strain. When it comes to growing indoors, you will need to keep the temperature warm and relatively humid. Besides temperature regulation, Northern Lights is a fairly easy grower. You can use a soil medium. And as a result, the crop can reward you with 18 ounces per square foot. If outdoors, it can be up to 22 ounces. As a feminized strain, you’ll have no problem growing Northern Lights.
2. Amnesia Haze
- Growing Difficulty: Moderate
- Ready for Harvest: 9 weeks, or late October
Another famous species is Amnesia Haze. It is a Sativa and it has high-quality buds because it comes from the Netherlands, It contains 21% THC, so care should be taken. As a top Sativa, she maintains a high level of enthusiasm, laughter, and energy. If you are an intermediate breeder this is the ideal breed for you. Amnesia Haze prefers Mediterranean climate; However, it is best to grow it indoors.
You should always use compost as it helps protect you from mold and infections. Indoor yield is approximately 21 ounces per square foot. Also, with feminized seeds, you don’t have to worry about the damaged crop.
3. White Widow
- Growing Difficulty: Easy
- Ready for Harvest: 8-10 weeks, or late October
It’s named (White Widow) for the scattering of white trichomes that cover the plant and give it a sparkling appearance. These trichomes produce a vigorous herb with a THC content of about 22.5%. In conclusion, if you are new to cannabis this is not for you.
This is a godsend for breeders. Resistant to molds, pests, and lower temperatures. You can grow it almost anywhere and it will grow well without much intervention. Indoors it will flower in 8 weeks but should be extended to 10 weeks to encourage more trichome production and stronger buds. This strain is especially recommended for new breeders.
4. Bubba Kush
- Growing Difficulty: Easy-Moderate
- Ready for Harvest: 8-10 weeks, or mid-October
It is named after the legendary breeder. It is a species with a long history. Today it is still admired for its hybrid effects. Bubba Kush makes the wearer feel happy yet calm, rested but happy. With 19% THC content and coffee and chocolate flavors, it is not a type to be missed. It is naturally quite resistant to molds and pests and can be grown both indoors and outdoors. It is quite well suited for indoor growing with a relatively short height of 2-4 feet.
Growers can get a good yield using the Sea of Green technique. Outdoors, Bubba Kush can produce 21-28 ounces per plant, while indoor plants can produce 18 ounces per square foot. Bubba Kush seeds are easy to find and easy to grow, making them ideal for new growers.
5. Green Crack
- Growing Difficulty: Easy
- Ready for Harvest: 7-9 weeks, or late September
This breed is said to have been named by Snoop Dogg. It is a very famous strain and also a Sativa dominant cannabis variety. With delicious flavors like mango and citrus and an array of broad, cerebral effects, it’s no surprise that Green Crack remains popular. It is very suitable for new growers. Green Crack enjoys a sunny Mediterranean climate with good humidity. However, Green Crack cannot be too moist as it is susceptible to mold. In a short flowering period, Indoor plants yield about 18 ounces per square foot. Outdoors, this can be 20 ounces. The plants can reach heights of about 3-4 feet, which is small for a Sativa.
6. Blue Cheese
- Growing Difficulty: Easy
- Ready for Harvest: 8-9 weeks, or early October
As the name suggests, it has a bad aroma. Luckily, it has sweet notes of blueberry and spicy to balance it out. If you like cheese, you will love this type because of its taste. Blue Cheese is surprisingly easy to grow if we talk about its cultivation. It is resistant to mold, powdery mildew, and various insects. It can survive in colder environments than other species. As a result, you don’t need to be a botanist to help this breed thrive.
The flowering period is short. It blooms in 8-9 weeks. Ready in late September or early October. Yields are also good, 19 ounces per square foot indoors and 19 ounces per plant outside.
7. Purple Queen
- Growing Difficulty: Moderate
- Ready for Harvest: 8-9 weeks, or October
The best thing about growing this cannabis is that it is more colorful. The Indica effects also have a great body, something to see. It has a delicious pine aroma. It is also fairly easy to grow and feminized. It grows in temperate climates, but you need to lower the temperature towards the blooming stage to encourage purple buds. Also, this species is very durable. Purple Queen provides 18 ounces per square foot and less than 24 ounces per plant outdoors.
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