Cannabis is the oldest source of vegetable raw materials in human history. Cannabis is used in pharmaceuticals, papermaking, fuel making, fabric making, the automotive industry, and cosmetics. So what cannabis means? What is it used for?
Cannabis is an annual plant genus belonging to the Cannabaceae family. Cannabis, whose fibers in its stems are used in yarn, weaving, and fabric production, and the pulp part is used in making paper, is known as one of the oldest vegetable raw materials in human history. Cannabis, originating from Central Asia, is hard, bushy, hollow in body, with palmate leaves, dioecious and one-year-old. On the other hand, its fibers are durable and quite long. Because of this feature, it is frequently preferred in areas such as sack, rope bag, net making. Cannabis is a very strong plant and there is almost no need for pesticide use in its production.
The leaves of cannabis are used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. In addition to the leaves and fibers of cannabis, its seeds are also evaluated. Hemp seeds are used as fuel in terms of being highly oily and as food, because they are highly nutritious. Hemp, which is a very rich woody plant in terms of cellulose, and synthetic fibers, whose fibers are a product of the petroleum sub-industry, were used as a fiber source all over the world before they became widespread worldwide. Benefits of cannabis include the following:
- Its yarn is antibacterial. Fabrics made from its yarn can be used in hundreds of places, including the medical industry.
- Hemp fiber is used as an insulation material in construction.
- Fibreboard is made from the hemp chipboard.
- Construction brick is made by mixing water from natural cement made of hemp and pouring it into molds. It is lighter and stronger than brick and concrete. It is durable for 600 years.
- It is soundproof material.
- When you use hemp as an insulation material, you reduce fuel consumption.
- It is fire-resistant. Houses made of this material are not only healthy but safer.
- It is very effective in drying marshes.
- It is a radiation scavenger.
- One acre of hemp produces as much oxygen as a 25-acre forest.
- Deep roots allow the soil to be aerated
- It emits five times more oxygen to the environment than a tree.
- It protects forests as it is more suitable for making paper than wood.
- Its seed is rich in omega complexes and nutritious. Seed oil is good for many diseases.
What Cannabis Actually Means
Cannabis is an annual plant. Since this herb is easy to grow and has a low cost, it has been used as an alternative to alcohol from past to present. Cannabis has existed in the lives of people for thousands of years in the industry, as a delight among people, in older societies in religious rites, in the medical field, and in many other fields. It is such a plant that is used in the production of high-quality paper, fabric, medicine, cosmetics, and soap. It provides an additional alternative to the dwindling oil and petrochemicals. Hemp reduces the effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments in the treatment of AIDS and cancer. However, despite all this, there are still debates about its production. Consider that this herb that serves people in most areas is illegal.
In the medical field, cannabis was used in the 19th and 20th centuries for its pain-relieving and sleep-inducing effects. Various sources mention that cannabis was recommended as a drug for headache, stagnation, loss of appetite, weight loss, some bleeding, and epilepsy during the First World War. Cannabis has been proposed for painless birth in the last century. French doctor Louis Aubert-Roche, in his medical observations in North Africa, observed that Egyptians using cannabis were less susceptible to diseases such as plague and typhoid affecting Europe, in his book published in 1840, “cannabis to treat the symptoms of plague and typhoid.” In 1890, Queen Victoria’s physician, Sir John Russell Reynolds, reported that cannabis was “the most useful medicine in the treatment of painful diseases such as dysmenorrhea, migraine, neuralgia, as well as convulsions and insomnia.” Sir William Osler, known as the father of modern medicine, used the phrase “The best cure for migraine” for cannabis in his medical textbook written in 1915.
The use of cannabis in pain management is a frequently used “self-medication” option among patients who have to live with chronic pain. Although the exact mechanism of the pain-relieving action of cannabinoids is not known, there is preliminary evidence that these substances are safe and effective for the treatment of neuropathic pain (especially fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis). It is thought that THC produces mild and moderate analgesic effects by changing the release of neurotransmitters in the dorsal root ganglia and periaqueductal gray areas of the spinal cord. In a systematic review of randomized controlled trials using cannabinoids in the treatment of non-cancerous chronic pain, cannabinoids have been reported to exert a significant analgesic effect relative to placebo, and even improve sleep disorders.
Interesting Facts About Cannabis
Cannabis plants are banned in many countries, especially since they are used in the production of drugs and prohibited substances. Some countries, on the other hand, imposed some restrictions on cannabis production and limited production. Although the production of the cannabis plant is prohibited, some of the facts about the cannabis plant are quite surprising. In particular, the benefits of cannabis are described as numerous. I have compiled the most important of these numerous benefits of cannabis for you. Here is some surprising and interesting information about cannabis that you might not believe when you hear it.
- Cannabis Growing Time Is Very Short
Cannabis plants grow faster than other plants. While the growing period of an average tree is 25 years, hemp grows in as little as 4 months. Due to its growing speed, the production of products made from cannabis plants is also fast.
- Cannabis Plant Produces High Oxygen
The production of the cannabis plant on 1 decare of land means that the plant produces almost as much oxygen as a 25-acre forest. The cannabis plant with high oxygen production gives a cleaner air to the environment where it is produced. The cannabis plant offers favorable conditions for human health due to its oxygen and clean air production.
- More Paper Production From Cannabis Plants
Cannabis plants are used in the production of more paper than trees. The amount of paper obtained from a cannabis plant of 1 decare and the amount of paper obtained from 4 decares of forestland are the same. By obtaining paper from the cannabis plant, both forests can be protected and production can be faster and more efficient. When using cannabis plants for paper production, other benefits of hemp can also be indirectly utilized. With the use of cannabis, the damage done in forest areas is reduced.
- The Rotation Speed of Cannabis to Paper Is Quite High
The cannabis plant is used for paper production 8 times, while paper can be produced from trees only 4 times. The fast and persistent cannabis plant both ensures the development of the country in paper production and prevents unnecessary destruction of forests. The country shows a development in the production of paper and paper-like materials. In addition to preventing the destruction of nature, the assets in nature are also protected efficiently.
- Radiation Can Be Destroyed With Cannabis
Cannabis plants especially ensure the removal of intense radiation from indoor environments. With the cannabis plant, the radiation environment and air pollution are eliminated, and the environment is provided with healthier and cleaner air.
- Cannabis Plant Is Very Easy To Grow
Since the cannabis plant can be grown in any environment, it has very little expense as a plant. Cannabis plants do not require much water and do not need any pesticides because they grow easily.
- Productivity Increases When Production Is Carried Out With Cannabis Plants
The cannabis plant is a very productive plant due to its durability. The use of pesticides can also be reduced by producing cannabis plants and textile materials. In the products made with the cannabis plant, production proceeds faster, and other auxiliary substances needed for production are not required.
- Firsts in Textile Production Made from Cannabis
Hemp, one of the main ingredients of textile production, was used extensively in ancient times. Especially in the first jeans production, hemp plant was used and these pants were called canvas.
- Cannabis Acts as an Antidote to Many Ailments
Cannabis plants are good for radiation, AIDS, cancer, heart diseases, asthma, epilepsy, and stomach ailments. It acts as an antidote, especially for AIDS.
- High Protein Is Obtained from Cannabis
The cannabis plant has two essential fatty acids, almost rare in nature. Very high protein is obtained from the cannabis plant.
- Cannabis Production Is Very Inexpensive
Cannabis production is cheaper than many plants. Especially, the fact that it does not have many costs in both growth and production stages enables all kinds of farmers to easily benefit from this plant.
- The Contribution of Cannabis to Animal Nutrition is High
The cannabis plant is also used as animal food. Animals fed with cannabis plants are both healthier and do not need any hormone supplements.
- The benefit of the Cannabis Plant for Plastic Production
Plastic production is easier and faster than cannabis plants. Plastic products made of hemp do not harm nature. In addition, such plastics are disappearing more rapidly in nature.
- Cannabis Is Stronger Than Steel
If hemp is used in industry, more durable products can be obtained from steel. If cannabis plants are used in the automotive industry, both the reliability and durability of the vehicles will increase.
- Cannabis Can Be Used For Insulation
Hemp is a plant that can be used in the insulation of all buildings. It provides both more durability in insulation and building insulation can be made at a lower cost.
- It Is More Hygienic To Use Cannabis In Cosmetics
If the cannabis plant is used in all cosmetic products, the environment and nature will not be polluted. Especially in the production of soap, hemp substance also prevents water pollution.
- Cannabis Raw Materials Cost Cheaper
When hemp is used both in the production stage and as raw material, it is very low in cost. Therefore, other raw materials produced from hemp are also cheaper.
- Cannabis Prevents Destruction of Nature
The cannabis plant is a plant that grows very fast in production and is used for many different purposes. For this reason, the continuous destruction of other plants used instead of hemp is prevented by increasing cannabis production.
What Medical Cannabis Means
Cannabis, which is used in serious diseases in the health field, is obtained from the cannabis plant. Almost all of the cannabis plants are used in different industries. Cannabis is an annual plant genus belonging to the Cannabaceae family. Hemp, which is used in yarn, weaving, and fabric production with its fibers in its stems, and the pulp part in making paper, is known as one of the oldest vegetable raw materials in human history, and cannabis, which is obtained from the flowers and seeds of the cannabis plant and has narcotic properties, is the most widely used illegal substance in the western world.
Cannabis use is often accompanied by other drugs, alcohol, and tobacco use. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) stated that 4% of adults use cannabis in the world, while this rate is 11% (36 million people) in the USA. In countries such as Portugal, the Netherlands, and many states of the United States, the sale and use of these substances in certain quantities are allowed under certain rules.
Sativex oral spray, a standardized cannabis extract, has been widely used in the reduction of neuropathic pain and muscle spasm-induced spasticity in multiple sclerosis (MS) disease. Cannabinoids are used in neuropathic pain, arthritis, back pain, neck and shoulder pain, headaches that occur other than cancer and MS. Short-term health risks associated with cannabis and medical uses of cannabinoids include dry mouth, dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, and confusion. Serious side effects are very rare. The use of these substances as drugs has been on the agenda in recent years, but some difficulties have been encountered during the use of these drugs. The dose of the active ingredient of cannabis should be adjusted very well, when the dose is applied below or above the required dose, disorders that occur in the direct use of the cannabis plant have also been observed in patients.
For example, cannabinoid-based drugs produced to help obese patients lose weight have been withdrawn because they develop neurological disorders that cause suicide in patients. For this reason, scientists in the production of these active substances must conduct many experiments in the laboratory or on animals and these drugs must be approved by organizations such as the US Food and Drug Administration. The use of cannabinoids in cosmetics is also increasing day by day. In this area, very low doses of hemp seed oils are added to moisturizing creams, especially to soothe the skin.
Upon detecting the adverse effects of cannabinoids, the use of antagonists that stop or reverse the effects of cannabinoids against these substances has come to the fore. These antagonists are developed in the laboratory and studies are carried out for the treatment of various diseases. Since cannabinoids are known to affect memory in the short and long term, studies are being conducted to use antagonists to strengthen memory or to treat diseases such as Alzheimer’s. They are thought to be a remedy for the treatment of various cancers. Here again, adjustment of the dose is of great importance. In order to eliminate the effects of cannabis derivatives in the central nervous system, drugs containing active substances should be developed in a way that does not cross the blood-brain barrier.
A Medication or An Illusion?
However, continuous use of cannabis or its derivatives is known to cause many disorders or diseases in the short (acute) and long (chronic) periods. Since cannabis is usually used with tobacco and its smoke is inhaled, its effects on the respiratory system are also high. While it causes respiratory diseases and diseases with inflammation in the acute period, it has been found that chronic use causes head-neck and lung cancer. Marijuana has effects on the cardiovascular system such as myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death, cardiomyopathy, and stroke.
In addition, it was observed that the rate of having a heart attack increased by 4.8 times in people who constantly consumed cannabis compared to those who did not. Again, with continuous use, there is a decrease in testosterone secretions, sperm production, sperm motility in men; It has been found to reduce egg quality in women. As a result of the changes made by cannabis on the central nervous system, short and long-term side effects such as neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration, cognitive changes, psychosis, chronic pain, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, and mental disorders have been observed with the effect of the immune system.
However, the mechanisms of all these changes have not yet been fully explained. On the other hand, many studies are carried out for the use of drugs containing cannabinoids, the active ingredient of cannabis, in the treatment of neurological and psychological disorders. The active ingredients in cannabis have been called Phyto (plant-derived) cannabinoids and are now found in many plants other than cannabis. In addition, synthetically, these substances are produced in the laboratory environment, but their trade is limited due to ethical reasons. Cannabinoid-like substances are also produced by our bodies and are called endocannabinoids. It has been observed that these substances increase in situations of intense physical activity and create the psychological effects seen in cannabis use.
Today, it has been proven by science that exercise has a share in making a person feel happy. Especially plant-derived tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is effectively used orally in the prevention/relief of nausea seen during and after chemotherapies in cancer treatment. For example, the FDA-approved drug Marinol, whose active ingredient is a synthetic cannabinoid, is used to prevent appetite loss/increase hunger, regulate sleep, and prevent nausea after HIV and chemotherapy.
To summarize, besides the health hazards of using cannabis as cannabis, there is also evidence showing the indirect benefits to health. However, it is clear that more research is needed to fully determine the effects of rising cannabis use on public health. Many scientists and health organizations, including the American Cancer Society (ACS), for example, support the need for more scientific research into the use of cannabis and cannabis drugs to treat medical conditions.
However, there is an obstacle to these studies. Namely; Cannabis and drug-fighting organizations impose strict requirements on researchers working in this field and prevent cannabis and cannabis research. If you live in a country where the medical use of marijuana is legal, you and your doctor should carefully consider these factors and their relationship to your illness and health history before using this drug. For example, although there is some evidence to support the use of marijuana for pain relief, if you have a history of mental health problems, you should definitely avoid cannabis. Remember to always talk to your doctor before taking any new medication.
What Cannabis Means in Mythology, Religions and Literature
According to the Indians, cannabis was made from the feathers on the back of the God Visnu. Indian monks refer to this plant “Vijemia”, which means success and happiness; they named it “Ananda” which means giving birth, creator. The Lord of the heavens, Indra, offered the “Soma” drink made of Indian hemp to give divine power to his warriors. “Soma” is the fermented sap of the plant crushed in a mortar. It has been used to nurture, intoxicate, and strengthen what is to be sacrificed to God. In Zoroastrian, the holy book of the Persians, it is written that the cannabis plant gives people happiness and joy and dispels sorrow and sadness.
Herodot (480-425 BC) wrote that both Assyrians and Sumerians living in Mesopotamia and Scythians living in the Aral and Hazer regions were drunk by throwing the leaves of a plant, which they thought was hemp, into the fire. Scythians threw marijuana seeds in hot water and breathe in the vapor that mixed with the air. The name “Shah Seed” (Shah Danac), which has passed from Persian to Arabic and is used for cannabis, shows the importance given to this plant.
In Tales of One Thousand and One Nights (10th century), which conveys a common view of the medieval Islamic period, it is told that cannabis was known and used in Iran, Egypt and Baghdad. With the translation of these tales into Western languages and Marco Polo’s (1254-1323) journey to the Far East, cannabis or hashish was introduced to the West, so the whole world became aware of the famous Soma drink of the god Indra and the miracles he created. Cannabis has been used in Europe by Spaniards in the XVI century. Spanish pharmacologist Nicolas Monardes (1493-1588) wrote that although the substance obtained from the Cannabis Saîiva plant and called “Bhang” by the Indians is widely used, it is not very useful in treatment.
German botanist and physician Engelbert Kapfer, who conducted research on plants grown in southern Iran in the 7th century, examined Indian cannabis in 1685 and showed that it “resembles European hemp in terms of the structure of male and female plants, just as one egg resembles another egg”. In fact, when he sowed the cannabis seeds he brought from Bandar Abtaas, a very hot region, to the highest and coldest region of Isfahan, he saw that their “drug” effect disappeared, and he confirmed this with other experiments.
When Napoleon set up camp in Egypt to cross the Arabian Peninsula in 1798-99, he saw that the use of cannabis among the soldiers was spreading, and he banned it and demanded that those who used it be punished severely. Despite all these stringent measures, cannabis continued to spread among soldiers. When the soldiers returned home, they brought cannabis with their habits to France, and some of the French who traveled to the Middle and Near East or worked there brought this substance with them on their return to France.
What Cannabis Means for Eastern Culture
In history, there is an interesting state that lived in the fortress of Alamut, which was called the poppies and was located on a high mountain in Iran between 1091 and 1276. The establishment of the state was realized by the acquisition of Alamut Castle by Hasan Sabbah (1056-1124) in 1091. However, before Hasan Sabbah, there was a long period in which the values, principles, and rules prevalent in the Hashish State developed. This development started with the emergence of the Ismaili sect in the religion of Islam. Hasan Sabbah, who dominated the Alamut castle for thirty-three years, organized the state according to the ranks of the Ismaili sect; He had many famous people, who had an important place in history, killed by the “brainwashing” method using soldiers he raised using alcohol and marijuana.
It was the great fourth-degree Dailer, with the third-degree Dailer who directly related to the bouncers. Hasan Sabbah either establishes a direct relationship with them or maintains his relationship through persons in the fifth and sixth degrees and makes his requests. Hasan Sabbah and his State is a historical phenomenon that will be emphasized in terms of a secret organization and militant training, brainwashing, which later appeared in different forms. The first and most important political murder of Hasan Sabbah was the murder of his former madrasah friend, close friend Selçuk Vizier Nizam-ul Mülk; This was followed by many political murders, many scientists, states, and artists who opposed Hasan Sabbah and the Ismaili sect were mercilessly eliminated.
As learned from a fantasy play written by the physician and also a poet Ibn-Daniyal, cannabis was used in Egypt together with the millet boza made by the Sudanese to increase its intoxicating effect. There are also European physicians who provide information on cannabis use in Egypt and Arab countries. Prospero Alpi-no, the physician of the Venice Consulate in Cairo between 1581 and 1584, gave information about the effect of cannabis when it was used in the form of herbs or paste and in boza; He wrote that “those who show such passion have passed away for days”. Even today, in small towns and villages in Egypt, there are dervishes and sheiks who were devastated by the habit of cannabis but are respected by the people as “Lunatic”.
Garcia also observed and explained the “Bangue” plant and its spiritual changes when it was drunk in various ways, during his travel to India. In India, drugs, especially marijuana, were widely used among dervishes and the poor. But some Indian rulers and notables also mentioned those who used cannabis. The great Indian poet Haydar Bakeh (1750-1816) describes a joyful plant used in India in ancient times as follows: “On a burning hot summer day the fiery sun shone. It was dazzlingly possible to hear all its warmth above it. They wanted it to dry … He stood outside the monastery. He walked alone all the way inside. He ate the leaves of a plant that had grown there. According to the interpretation, this is known as “Cannabis Sativa”, or Indian hemp. According to the same source, Indians used to add the seeds of a plant called “Pliny” into wine and drink it.
In 1840, a group of painters, poets, actors, and writers representing the new generation in Paris gathered at the Pirnodan Hotel in Quartier Latin and began to use opium and marijuana, which they called “Substances That Tickle Thoughts”. Theophile Gautier (1811-1872) came to Paris at a young age to study painting and worked as a journalist and critic by entering various circles. First, he became one of the Romantic writers and gave his work titled Enamels and Agates, which tells about the superiority of beauty over sensibility forms. This work had a great impact on the Parnasse group poets and fascinated Baudelaire. Gautier, who started to move away from the Romantic movement in 1840, published a work called Cannabis Users Club. In this work, Gautier was telling about the personalities, occupations, and works of art of many artists who joined the group to use opium and cannabis and became famous over time.
After the publication of this work, the spiritual changes made by cannabis and the fantastic world it created began to attract the attention of various art circles. First of all, it had reflections in poetry and plastic art circles, and many impressionist painters and novelists gained new inspiration. Cannabis has become an indispensable item in their search for new lives and creative powers, and in their evaluation of the outside world. Charles Baudelaire, a member of this group, initially opposed the use of opium and marijuana, arguing that these substances impaired creative power, but over time, under the influence of Gautier, he fell into this trend.
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