Do you ever wonder how cannabis is made? Actually, it is neither produced nor manufactured. Since cannabis is a plant, namely Cannabis Sativa L., it is cultivated. Cannabis growing is relatively easy since the plant can even grow by itself without any external needs. Still, you need to know a few tips before growing cannabis, which will enhance your experience. So how cannabis is made?
In order to grow cannabis, it is necessary to know all the necessary conditions. Here you need to know the climate, soil, care harvest, and legal conditions. It is important that the soil is moist before planting cannabis seeds. At temperatures below -5C, cannabis seedlings have difficulty holding on to life. The cannabis plant needs 4 months to grow. Soils with rich content, soils with a pH between 7 and 7.5, and deeply plowed soils are highly fertile soils for cannabis cultivation.
As in every planting process, the soil needs to be made suitable for cannabis planting. Before the hemp can be planted, the soil must be plowed deeply. In regions where summers are dry, the soil should be plowed deeply in autumn. It should be plowed again in the spring to remove the weeds on the soil and to make the soil soft. Large deposits of soil must be broken up and then leveled. Thus, the soil becomes suitable for cannabis cultivation.
Spring months are preferred for cannabis cultivation. Since hemp can be damaged by frosts in the spring, planting can be started when the risk of frost disappears. This usually happens in March. It is recommended to use seeders during sowing. Thus, it can be planted neatly in a row. October has two purposes. Fiber production and seed production. Different conditions are required in each production.
The intervals should be 20-25 cm when fiber production is aimed, while the intervals should be 30-40 cm when seed production is aimed. Fiber planting should be done at frequent intervals because the fibers increase in dense planting. In seed planting, sparse sowing is done because more seeds will reproduce as it will increase branching.
Maintenance is also important in cannabis production. After the cannabis is planted, hoeing and irrigation works should be done from time to time. Because it can both get the water it needs and grow comfortably by getting rid of weeds. When the hemp reaches 5-10 cm in length, the first hoeing can be done. Then, when they reach 25-30 cm in length, their second hoeing can be done. We said it needs watering. However, there may be drought and water shortage in some regions. Therefore, irrigation can be done 3-4 times in these regions.
How Cannabis Cultivation Is Made?
Cannabis has come into the agenda with the lifting of many bans and its recognition today. The fact that cannabis has now been used in related fields raises many questions about its cultivation. Cannabis, an herbaceous plant, is grown in different ways for different purposes. Also, growing hemp is not difficult, hemp is a plant with minimal agricultural requirements. Cannabis, which can meet the necessary agricultural processes by itself, therefore provides convenience to the producer in cultivation.
Cannabis does not need a special climate and soil conditions to grow. Certain conditions are required by hemp just like any plant growing, but very harsh conditions or special climates are usually not necessary. In this respect, it can be said that cannabis is easy to grow. Such conveniences also maximize revenue from hemp.
Cannabis cultivation is a very profitable business thanks to both the wide range of uses of hemp and the ease of cultivation. Since the yield that can be obtained from cannabis is also provided in very small areas, hemp cultivation is becoming more popular day by day. As a result of cannabis cultivation, which takes an average of ninety days, very productive results are obtained.
If you want to grow cannabis, you must first determine which variety you will prefer in accordance with your purpose. Having knowledge about industrial cannabis cultivation, which is a legalized and widespread method, can be considered a prerequisite. You can take the first step in cultivation by choosing the content of the cannabis variety according to your purpose.
Seed is the first step in cultivation in cannabis plants, as in many plants. Also, hemp is an annual plant. The soil in which cannabis will grow must also be rich in nitrogen. Features such as the saltiness of the soil in which cannabis will grow do not allow hemp to grow. For this reason, meeting the soil suitable for hemp is an important aquaculture requirement. In terms of climatic conditions, the annual precipitation amount and the temperature of the soil during the growing period should be suitable for hemp.
When the fibers of the hemp are to be taken, it coincides with the month of August when the pollen starts to spill. This fiber collection should not be confused with the harvest period. The harvest period comes after about a month or a half. These situations also differ depending on the type and type of cannabis.
If hemp is grown for use in textiles, its crops must be harvested by special machinery. These machines are necessary for the cannabis plant to be harvested from the field without any damage to its crops. Hemp is processed not only in the collection phase but also in the subsequent processing phases, with the help of special machines.
The history of hemp goes back to BC (known to be 8000 BC). Cannabis, which has been frequently encountered throughout history in the region known as Mesopotamia, was used as food as well as benefiting from the fibers of that period. In the Central Asian area, cannabis cultivation, which has become widespread with the influence of China and then in India, has subsequently faced various prohibitions. Today, cannabis cultivation has become quite widespread around the world, with the ban on hemp being largely lifted, especially in the industrial field.
If you plan to grow cannabis indoors, for example, at home, there are some tricks to consider. For this method, also known as indoor cannabis cultivation, you need to provide suitable conditions for cultivation. One of the requirements for growing cannabis indoors is to provide suitable soil. A humus-based soil mix would be suitable for growing cannabis. This soil, which can be obtained from florists, forms the main axis on which cannabis will grow. In addition, the pH value of the soil to be preferred should be around 5.5-6.5 in order to be able to grow cannabis.
Indoor lighting is also important for cannabis cultivation. ELS, DNT, and LED lamps are produced for cannabis cultivation in indoor environments such as homes. Some non-recommended light sources (such as incandescent bulbs) are also not preferred as they do not match the required light of hemp. It is recommended to keep the suitable temperature of cannabis cultivation, which is between 18 and 27 degrees, generally above 24 degrees.
With the emergence of many benefits today, hemp has become a type of plant that is used by being legalized step by step and in a controlled manner. The fact that industrial cultivation is a legal sector with certain conditions has also increased the demand for hemp. As a result of the production of hemp for industry, which can be carried out legally, its crops are used in many areas. From apparel to the automotive industry, hemp has many uses.
How Outdoor Cannabis Growing Is Made?
Cannabis, which belongs to the Cannabaceae family, is in the category of annual plants. The fact that it is used in marijuana production all over the world has led to the ban on cannabis cultivation in most countries. Cannabis (hemp) is used by many industrial organizations. Hemp is needed in the production of many products that we constantly use. For this reason, cannabis cultivation in our country has been restarted in certain provinces in a controlled manner.
The cannabis plant has many different species in itself. Cannabis varieties that can be grown are divided into male and female. The male plant or the female plant cannot be identified at the seed stage. Growers often buy seeds without knowing it. When the plant reaches a certain level, its type is understood. However, 60-65% of the seeds are female. The male rate is around 35%. In countries like Germany, where it is legal to grow cannabis, the variety is much greater. 50 different types of cannabis are produced regularly in Germany.
It should be known that cannabis production can be done in different climates. However, these climates must have certain characteristics. First, the cannabis plant always prefers climates with high humidity. Cannabis cultivation will not be possible if the amount of precipitation is below 700 mm. Even if it is grown, yield cannot be obtained. Cannabis cannot be grown in areas where temperatures are too low. When temperatures drop below -5 °C, hemp freezes and stops growing. It should be grown in areas where the temperatures do not fall to these levels or very special precautions should be taken.
It takes 4 months for cannabis to be ready for use. The higher the air temperatures, the sooner the hemp production will be completed. The soil where cannabis is planted is also extremely important. It is always necessary to prefer soils rich in organic matter. Hemp grows very well if the pH of the soil is in the range of 6-6.5.
In order to make the soil more fertile, it is generally cultivated in the regions where streams and rivers pass. However, with fertilization processes, the missing minerals of the soil can be completed. Since it can grow in different soil types, first of all, it is necessary to analyze and determine the missing substances in the soil. Cannabis is grown with high efficiency by fertilizing accordingly. Deep plowing of the soil is extremely important. Efficiency drops to undesirable levels in deep uncultivated soils.
The soil must be prepared for the cultivation of cannabis. It is not possible to plant hemp directly without any treatment in the soil. Deep plowing of the soil will be necessary to grow the cannabis plant. If the summer months are very dry, deep plowing should be carried out in the autumn months. When it comes to spring months, it is necessary to clean the weeds on the soil and then re-plowing. In this way, the soil will soften and become suitable for hemp.
If large land accumulations are in question, these accumulations must be distributed. After dispersal, the soil is leveled and becomes ready for planting. This completes the first stage of the question of how to plant hemp. Then the planting process itself is passed. Planting operations for industrial cannabis production are carried out in the spring months. Frosts in the spring months cause serious damage to hemp. For this reason, it is necessary to make sure that the frosts are over and sowing should be done in this way. Generally, March will be the month when planting takes place. It will be sufficient to plant the hemp only 2-3 cm deep into the soil.
It is recommended to use seeders in sowing operations. In this way, the planting process is carried out sequentially and very smoothly. Two different purposes can be mentioned in the sowing process. Cannabis fiber or seeds are produced. Sowing processes are carried out in different ways in fiber production and seed production.
If fiber is to be produced, the intervals in the planting process should be 20-25 cm. This distance will be greater in seed production. The purpose of planting fiber more frequently is to increase the amount of fiber. The lower the intervals, the higher the fiber content. However, since different problems may arise when it is less than this distance, 20-25 cm has been determined as the appropriate distance. When fiber production is aimed, 7 to 9 kg of seeds should be planted on an area of 1 decare.
The amount of spacing in seed production should be 30-40 cm. Just as proximity increases fiber production, the distance increases seed production. The fact that the plants are far from each other will increase branching. The amount of seeds obtained in more branching cannabis also increases. When producing seeds, it will be sufficient to plant 4-5 kg of seeds per decare.
Hemp is a plant that literally exploits the minerals in the soil. It constantly uses the minerals found in the soil. For this reason, when growing cannabis, the soil should always be enriched with fertilization. The first stage of fertilization processes is the autumn months when the soil is plowed. During this period, natural fertilizer is introduced into the soil. After the spring months come and the hemp planting begins, nitrogen fertilizers are started to be applied to the soil.
During the fertilization process, 2-3 tons of natural fertilizer are needed for each acre. If artificial fertilizer is used up to 10-12 kg, it will be sufficient. Soil analysis will be required for the net use amounts of fertilizers. While it is cultivated in our regions where cannabis cultivation is free, its care must be done very well. After the cannabis planting takes place, hoeing and irrigation must be done regularly. While irrigation processes ensure that the plant obtains the water it needs, hoeing helps to get rid of weeds and grow more comfortably.
The first hoeing process in cannabis cultivation is done when the plant reaches 5-10 cm in length. When the plant reaches 25-30 cm tall, the second hoeing process will take place. The water needs of male or female cannabis are not different. Both need watering. In areas that are not very arid, even watering once is sufficient. However, it may need to be watered 3-4 times in our dry areas.
In order to obtain high profits from hemp, it is necessary to harvest at the right time. Female marijuana matures later than male marijuana. If it is harvested before full maturity, serious losses may occur. Male cannabis is ready for harvest 100 days after sowing. The female cannabis has a further 3-4 weeks of maturation during this period. The harvest period of male cannabis can be seen from the white powder cloud. Male cannabis can be harvested 1 week after the formation of the dust cloud. Fiber harvest is done earlier than seed harvest. If it is late, the desired product cannot be obtained as the fibers will harden. Seed harvesting can be done in the late period.
How Legal Industrial Cannabis Production Is Made?
Cannabis is a plant species used in the industrial area with a height of 1.2 – 4.5 m. Although it is often confused with marijuana in terms of appearance, the difference between them is the THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) content. The rate of this substance in industrial hemp is less than the other. Cannabis cultivation is also seen as an almost effortless agricultural activity, as cannabis is an excellent rotation crop. It is possible to earn a very high income in this field because it does not require any special conditions for soil and climate and does not require pesticides.
Cannabis cultivation is a sector that allows high yields per acre. In addition, the cultivation process of cannabis takes a total of 90 days. The result is an excess of cellulose per acre. The wide usage area of hemp also increases the interest in this field. Today, hemp is used in shower curtains, fabric for upholstery, fiberglass, window coverings, automotive components. In addition, fiberboard, rope, twine, paper, cardboard, insulation, particleboard are made from hemp fibers.
The cannabis plant, whose history dates back to 8000 BC, was used for food and fiber, especially in the Mesopotamian region. In Central Asia, cannabis cultivation has become widespread thanks to China. Thanks to the support given to hemp production in the region, serious steps have been taken in this area. Today, cannabis is grown in many different regions with the support of the state.
Before starting the cannabis cultivation process, it is necessary to learn about industrial hemp varieties. Among the varieties, there are certain beginnings and specific characteristics. These are height, ripening time, oil content, fiber content, seed size. The important thing is to determine which variety will be preferred for planting. Cannabis varieties suitable for the fiber sector contain 15% to 25% peat.
The cannabis plant grows from seed and appears as an annual plant. Cannabis soil needs to be well-drained and have a high nitrogen content. On the contrary, poor soil drainage and salinity are not suitable for cannabis cultivation. As for the climate, it requires a mild weather condition and an average of 64 – 76 mm precipitation per year. Before planting, the soil temperature should be 5.5 – 7.7 degrees on average.
The fibers of the crop can be gathered by pollinating the plants in mid-August. However, the harvest period is after 4-6 weeks. Cannabis plants come in two types; female and male. The maturation process of female cannabis is different from that of male cannabis. Male cannabis is ready for harvest in about 100-110 days after the flowering period. In female cannabis, this process is delayed by 4-5 weeks compared to male cannabis.
If hemp cultivation is to be done for the textile industry, a special machine is needed for the harvest time. This machine performs cutting and prevents the plant from being damaged during collection. After the crop is cut, the stems are kept in the field for an average of 4 to 6 weeks in order to loosen the fibers. With special machines, the stems are rotated and subjected to the baling process. The bales are then stored in closed areas.
The fiber of hemp is ramie, a flax-like fiber. Therefore, hemp fibers can be used in both traditional and innovative products. As a result of legal industrial hemp production, the simple fibers of hemp are used in textiles and to make fillers. Thanks to the economic properties and high durability of the fibers, it is also possible to use them in glass parts, car parts, and construction materials.
Legal industrial hemp production complies with ecological principles. In this way, the development of this sector is seen as very attractive and it is known that it will make a great contribution to the country’s economy. The biggest advantage of hemp fibers in the industrial field is that it is lighter than glass fiber. At the same time, because it is more powerful and economical, it causes great income. In addition, it provides cost efficiency in paper applications.
How Cannabis Oil Is Made: Cannabis Oil Production
Cannabis oil is obtained from the seeds of the hemp plant and has many health benefits. Since cannabis is known as a drug type among people, it is prohibited to be grown in some countries. However, in recent years, when the benefits of hemp oil for human health have been noticed, it has become free to grow. I have compiled all the details of what is cannabis oil, how it is made and what it is good for, the benefits of cannabis oil, and how it is used.
Cannabis oil is used as an aid in the treatment of many diseases. First comes its immunity to cancer. It is known to be effective in intestinal and skin diseases. It significantly strengthens the immune system with its GLA fatty acid and omega3 content. It is the only plant that contains vitamin D and accelerates calcium absorption. Hemp oil is frequently used in the production of cosmetic products for skin and hair.
The product obtained by squeezing the seeds of the cannabis plant with cold pressing, that is, without using high heat, is hemp oil. It can be used while preparing and cooking foods. Hemp oil contains very little saturated fat, which is harmful to health, and its nutritional value is quite high. Hemp oil is obtained by cold pressing hemp seeds. Since foods exposed to high heat lose all their minerals, it is the healthiest method not to use high heat in the production of vegetable oils.
Hemp oil protects the body from cancer as it strengthens the immune system. According to studies, positive results have been observed especially on the brain, breast, and lung cancer. It is known to have positive results on many types of joint pain that cause joint pain, especially rheumatoid arthritis. By increasing insulin resistance in the body, it reduces sugar cravings. It provides healthy weight loss by reducing appetite. It can be used easily for better diet results.
Since it contains soluble fibers, it ensures that the intestinal system works more regularly and actively. It is good for constipation. It feeds the beneficial bacteria found in the intestines. The benefits of cannabis oil include:
- Since cannabis oil contains a sitosterol compound, it supports lowering cholesterol.
- Cannabis oil is an antioxidant and has values that prevent calcification of the arteries.
- It provides moisture in acne-prone skin and supports the regeneration of cells.
- When used regularly, it relieves skin dryness.
- It is an effective protector against cancer.
- It is a healthy oil preferred for joint and muscle pain.
- It helps to lose weight by reducing the need for sugar.
- For people who do not eat meat, it becomes a source of protein when one or two drops are used in meals.
- It is an oil that works miracles in skin and hair care.
- Cannabis oil contains linoleic acid, preventing premature aging signs and delaying aging.
- It protects and strengthens the immune system as it is rich in omega6 and omega3.
- It has a hormonal balancing feature and is especially preferred during menopause.
- It nourishes the nails and makes them look healthier.
- It is used to relieve inflammation in the body for any reason.
- It also reduces tension during menstrual periods thanks to its relaxing effect.
For a more resistant body and a strong immune system, it will be enough to drink cannabis oil like a syrup, one teaspoon a day. To get beneficial results from hemp oil, it must be used regularly. Effective results should not be expected in a short time. Hemp oil, which is suitable for salads when it is desired to be used in meals, is not a suitable oil for frying dishes. Hemp oil can become harmful by losing all its effects at temperatures above 70 degrees. For skincare, it should be applied by massaging on dry skin and mixed with a care oil for hair.
How Cannabis Oil Is Used?
Cannabis, which has always been the subject of discussion since the very ancient times of human history, with the discovery of its effects that can lead to very important developments in human health; almost cleared of his criminal reputation. Cannabis, a member of the Cannabaceae family, is widely cultivated in Central Asia and can be grown in tropical and temperate climates.
In recent years, many types of research and experiments have been carried out on cannabis, which has been banned from time to time to be cultivated, consumed, and even brought to the border in many countries and declared as a “sin plant”. So much so that some of the results obtained allowed entry to many countries for cannabis and it was started to be grown again years later. Now, I will share with you the unknowns about cannabis oil, which is produced by pressing cannabis seeds and is almost out of stock in the last few years.
Hemp oil obtained by the cold pressing method has an extremely valuable component in terms of protein, calcium, iron, zinc, potassium, and magnesium. For this reason, it has been used for centuries in the treatment of diseases that occur due to the weakness of the immune system. Cannabis, which is also used to control stress and pain, has the feature of being the only plant that contains vitamin D.
Hemp oil, which has a miraculous content for eliminating and delaying the signs of aging, plays a very important role in cell restructuring. While it cleanses the skin surface from the dead skin layer, it also fights acne with its anti-inflammatory feature. If hemp oil is applied regularly, a lively, bright, and healthy skin appearance is obtained.
It is recommended to consult your doctor before using hemp oil due to the danger of allergens. Likewise, it is definitely not suitable for pregnant and lactating mothers to use without consulting their doctor. In the recommended use, regular use is essential. It can be consumed as syrup up to one teaspoon per day. If you find it difficult to drink alone, you can choose it instead of olive oil in salad dressings. It is not a suitable type of oil for frying, that is, for cooking. Avoid exposure to high heat.
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