Having a pet at home can be very stressful for owners as everyone spends all their time looking for medication and treatment for themselves. There are several treatments and remedies, but they are not necessarily effective for all types of dogs. In addition, these drugs often have many side effects that can cause decreased functionality in the dog.
Recently, there is a type of drug in research for dogs that is good for dogs. It is called CBD. CBD has several benefits for pet health, in particular, it helps support homeostasis, which is important for temperature balance and provides a therapeutic effect.
By now you’ve probably heard of the many health benefits of CBD oil for humans, but did you know that cannabinoids can also have positive effects on dogs? CBD oil for dogs can help in a variety of scenarios.No cannabis strain is FDA-approved for animals, but cannabis is known to be good for many diseases, so most vets recommend CBD therapy for treatment.
Recent research shows that dogs have a higher number of cannabinoid receptors in their brains than humans. This usually means that the effects of CBD can be felt more broadly when the compound is used by your dog. But it also shows that dogs may be more sensitive to CBD and other cannabis compounds, so it’s important to use the right dosage.
What Is CBD?
CBD is cannabidiol and is derived from the cannabis plant. Several cannabinoids can be extracted from the cannabis plant and this is one of them. CBD is not completely psychoactive and is safe for use on pets. CBD also has no known toxicity levels and no overdose. CBD found in pet supplements is usually derived from an extremely low THC cannabis strain.
How Does CBD Help?
Every mammal has an endocannabinoid system that controls various processes, such as immunity, sleep cycle, memory, and other bodily functions. Dogs also have the same endocannabinoid system as humans, which can interact with endocannabinoids secreted by the brain. However, this can be applied externally to replenish the endocannabinoid source from the brain. It is therefore effective for dogs and, you can use CBD for dogs without any side effects.
Seven Incredible Benefits Of CBD For Dogs
If your dog suffers from chronic pain, anxiety, stress, epilepsy, arthritis, or cancer, it is recommended that you try CBD in consultation with your veterinarian.CBD has important benefits for dog health as well as human health. These are as follows,
- Strong pain reliever
- Antiepileptic (seizures caused by excessive electrical activity in the brain)
- Antiemetic (anti-vomiting)
- Anti-cancer effects
- Promote homeostasis ( the cell’s tendency to protect its own metabolism)
1. CBD is a powerful pain reliever
CBD is an ingredient known for its pain-relieving properties. Scientific research has shown that CBD is an effective way to combat pain and suffering. In 1997, a study published in the European Journal of Pharmacology showed that the endocannabinoid system plays an effective role in the management of pain. Today, CBD is very popular for its pain-relieving properties. CBD helps manage pain in many different ways.
Studies have shown that CBD can temporarily stop the absorption of anandamide, a chemical known to help reduce pain signals in the brain. The temporary increase in anandamide can have various effects that reduce the sensation of pain. Also, researchers have shown that CBD is a powerful anti-inflammatory. For example, by reducing inflammation caused by conditions such as arthritis, it’s can reduce painful symptoms caused by the condition.
2. CBD Is A Known Antiepileptic
CBD is a natural Antiepileptic. Probably the disease in which CBD is most used is epilepsy. It allows you to control seizures, tremors, tics and spasms. News of CBD as a natural antiepileptic first started in 2013 when Charlotte Figi, a young girl with severe epilepsy, made headlines around the world. CBD oil was the only medicine for Charlotte Figi, who had 300 seizures a week. After the miraculous effect of CBD oil on Charlotte Figi, CBD started to become popular all over the world. Numerous studies since then have shown that CBD is effective in controlling various tremors and seizures. Research also shows that CBD can help manage the tics and tremors caused by Tourette’s syndrome.
3. CBD is anti-inflammatory
CBD is famous for its anti-inflammatory effects. CBD’s anti-inflammatory effects are believed to be linked to its ability to interact with receptors on immune cells. CBD often interacts with CB2 receptors found within immune cells. By activating these receptors, it can evoke a wide variety of immune responses. One of these reactions combats inflammation.
Chronic inflammation can be seen in conditions such as arthritis, MS, irritable bowel disease, and this inflammation causes the immune system to malfunction. CBD can help stop the symptoms of these diseases by reducing inflammation.
4. CBD reduces anxiety and stress
CBD is adept at dealing not only with physical symptoms but also with psychological ailments. Many studies show that CBD controls a variety of mental symptoms, including anxiety. Like humans, dogs can suffer from anxiety, stress, and even certain phobias.
Some common types of anxiety that affect dogs include separation anxiety, noise anxiety, travel anxiety, and even certain phobias. In humans, anxiety and stress can cause you to bite your nails, run around, or feel a little wobbly. Anxiety in dogs can cause similar repetitive behaviors.
Some common anxiety symptoms in dogs include:
- persistent barking
- chewing (furniture, garbage, shoes, etc.)
- urination and defecation (usually indoors)
CBD has been shown to help reduce feelings of anxiety, thereby reducing these symptoms. Typical anxiety medications tend to target the serotonin receptor known as 5-HT1A in the body. By targeting these receptors, anti-anxiety medications can help temporarily increase serotonin levels in the brain. This can then lead to improvements in mental health and help temporarily reduce feelings of anxiety or fear.
Researchers show that CBD may work similarly and may also temporarily increase serotonin levels in the brain. While CBD helps reduce stress, they also have anti-anxiety and anti-depression effects.
5. CBD is antiemetic
Nausea and vomiting are indeed common symptoms. It can be the result of a specific condition or it can also be caused by treatments such as chemotherapy. Vomiting and nausea in both humans and dogs are serious symptoms that often cause decreased appetite, weight loss, fatigue, and more.
Antiemetic drugs, which are abundant in the market, are effective in controlling vomiting and nausea but can cause a wide variety of side effects, including:
- Hypotension (low blood pressure)
- Strong sedation (deep sleep state)
- Low seizure thresholds for animals with epilepsy
- excessive salivation
- Lethargy (Acute unconsciousness)
There is strong evidence to suggest that CBD is an appetite stimulant while controlling both nausea and vomiting. Interestingly, it does this by stimulating 5-HT1A receptors, which are receptors that help reduce anxiety.
By activating this receptor, CBD can significantly reduce feelings of nausea and suppress the vomiting reflex. Also, research shows that long-term stimulation of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor in the brain can help reduce nausea and vomiting. Some studies say that CBD is a better antiemetic than modern drugs available on the market. Best of all, CBD does not show the side effects of traditional antiemetic drugs.
6. CBD fights cancer
Cancer and malignant tumors are also common in dogs and many cases are fatal. Currently, there is no known cure for cancer. The treatments applied are aimed at slowing the growth of the tumor. Chemotherapy is the most common treatment to destroy cancer and tumors in dogs. Unfortunately, chemotherapy can have a wide variety of side effects in animals as well as humans.
- fatigue and lethargy
- loss of appetite
New research shows that cannabinoids like CBD may have unique anti-cancer effects. A growing body of research is scrambling to discover how cannabinoids can help cancer grow, spread, slow down, and even reduce the size of tumors.
For example, a 2011 study at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston showed that CBD can cause programmed cell death and thus inhibit breast cancer growth. Another study published by researchers of Federico II of the University of Naples in Italy showed that CBD could help protect against colon cancer in rats by stopping the development, growth, and spread of malignant tumors.
7. CBD promotes homeostasis
Homeostasis can be briefly defined as the proper functioning of the body. when our body is balanced it allows all our biological systems to do their best. Many diseases occur when this balance is disturbed. New research shows that the endocannabinoid system plays a key role in maintaining this balance.
That’s why many dog owners use CBD not only to treat a particular disease but also to improve their dog’s quality of life. If your dog suffers from chronic pain, anxiety, stress, epilepsy, arthritis, or cancer, it is recommended that you try CBD in consultation with your veterinarian.
What Veterinarians Say About CBD?
Some veterinarians recommend CBD. Dr. Tim Shu is one of these vets. (Founder and CEO of VETCBD) says the interaction of cannabidiol with the endocannabinoid system in dogs will treat a wide variety of physiological and neurological conditions. He believes this is through modulation of the chemical components responsible for nausea, stress, anxiety, pain, and more.
Dr. Shu says CBD has no significant or life-threatening side effects when dosed properly. He also highlights that CBD does not harm the internal organs and does not elevate the dog. Unlike sedative drugs that relieve symptoms, CBD actively works to reverse abnormal functioning.
CBD for dogs Relieves pain and nausea. It is also increasingly used to calm overly aggressive dogs. And it can potentially help frightened or timid dogs. Recently, scientists have been investigating how CBD can help calm seizures in dogs. There is no conclusive research yet, but most dog owners try cannabidiol when other seizure medications have failed.
CBD And Dogs Research: What Science Say About CBD?
Pet stores have just started offering CBD (as oil) for Pets. CBD research for pets is older than many people think. The biggest problem is the lack of clinical studies in recent years. A study published in the journal Drug Metabolism and Disposition in 1988 by Mechoulam, Bialer, and Samara examined the action (pharmacokinetics) of CBD drugs in the body in dogs.
In the study conducted, Dogs received an oral dose of 180mg first and two doses of 45mg and 90mg respectively. The cannabinoid dissipated rapidly after administration, followed by a long elimination. Strangely, the researchers did not detect CBD in the dogs’ plasma after oral administration in three of the six dogs studied. The result is that CBD is difficult to absorb orally.
Looking at another clinical study, one published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science in July 2018 examined the effects of cannabis-based CBD on dogs with arthritis. Dogs received one of two treatments every 12 hours in the study, 2 mg of CBD or placebo oil per kilogram of body weight. Each treatment lasted for four weeks with an additional two-week washout period.
As a result, none of the Dogs had any serious side effects. 80% of dogs consuming CBD had a noticeable reduction in pain and increase activity. He concluded that 2mg of CBD per kilogram twice daily could help dogs with osteoarthritis.
CBD For Dogs: Ongoing Studies
At Colorado State University, Dr. Stephanie McGrath has done several clinical studies of CBD on dogs with epilepsy and osteoarthritis (OA). She was not interested in cannabis as a therapeutic drug until 2012. When cannabis became legal in Colorado that year, people wondered if McGrath had done any research on the medicinal effects of marijuana. As a result, she began to study the effects of cannabidiol on dogs with epilepsy and osteoarthritis. Applied Basic Science Corporation provided the CBD used in the research.
In one of her early studies, he looked at 30 healthy dogs and found that they tolerated certain amounts of CBD. The pre-epilepsy study was a very promising one. That’s why the American Kennel Club provided $350,000 in funding. Thanks to this, McGrath started a study of how cannabidiol affects dogs with this condition.
A study published in pain in September 2020 was about how CBD affects dogs with OA. A four-week study was conducted on 20 big dogs with OA. The dogs received either a placebo or one of three CBD formulations. As a result, minimal improvement was seen in dogs using a placebo or a low dose of CBD. Continued to improve for up to two weeks even after CBD intake was stopped
Is CBD Safe for Dogs?
Studies show that CBD is safe for dogs. The vast majority of companies that sell CBD products for dogs derive the compound from hemp instead of cannabis. Hemp oil is legal in the United States because it contains little or no THC. Organic CBD oil is safe for your dog. It should also be used from the smallest to larger doses when using it until it shows positive effects for your dog.
You need to monitor that CBD does not cause any ill effects on your dog. If any of the following conditions are present, cannabidiol use should be discontinued.
- Dry mouth
- Low blood pressure
With no more than 0.3 percent THC, hemp-derived CBD is legal. But it is very unlikely that Veterinarians will prescribe it. Because they can be held responsible for prescribing any medical marijuana or CBD for your dogs or pet. That’s why you need to buy it from a known and original brand. It is also recommended that you stick with companies that provide third-party lab reports.
Types of CBD for Dogs
The best way for your dog is to tincture in a dropper bottle. It also provides convenience to measure doses. When you place CBD under the tongue, it is quickly absorbed and works faster in the bloodstream. If you’re wondering how to easily introduce CBD (as an oil) to a dog, you can add a drop of CBD to your dog’s favorite foods. (peanut butter, sausage, etc.)
CBD-based creams are the most popular method. It is ideal for dogs with rashes, skin allergies, arthritis, or other general muscle aches or joint pains. And mostly they are very easy to implement. Besides that, CBD-infused dog biscuits are arguably the best way to give your dog cannabinoids. Some reputable brands have started selling CBD products in flavors (like dog biscuits) your dog will love.
CBD Oil Dosage Chart for Dogs: How Much CBD Oil Should I Give My Dog?
Just like determining the best CBD dosage for humans, the CBD dosage for dogs depends on several factors. CBD works by interacting with the body’s natural receptors, so everyone and every pet react to it differently. Some are more sensitive than others and need smaller doses for the same effect.
For this reason, it is recommended to start with the minimum dose and work until you get the effects you want. Of course, you should always consult your pet’s veterinarian before using CBD. Finally, your dog’s weight matters, at least to some extent. Two 50-pound dogs may react differently to the same dose of CBD, but your dog’s weight will give you a good idea of how much CBD he should feel for the effects. Again, remember, these are just suggestions. You should consult your veterinarian for definitive advice.
CBD doses for dogs are as follows,
- Extra Small (2 – 8 lbs)
Small dogs should get the least amount of CBD. Because they have a very fast metabolism. Therefore, depending on the results, you may need to apply up to 3 doses per day. A dose of 1 mg of CBD would be a good start.
For behavioral and anxiety conditions, you can try and observe ½ mg. All doses are administered twice a day, morning and evening. If starting dose does not work, increase in 2 mg increments until improvement. In Very Small dogs, the dose of 15 mg of CBD should not be exceeded. The consequences of this can be dangerous.
- Small (8 – 15 lbs)
For behavioral problems, a dose of 1 mg can be applied.
- Medium (15 – 30 lbs)
For medium-sized dogs, most people consider a starting dose of 2 mg appropriate and have successful results. They then did increments of 3 mg until full results were achieved. This is especially important when trying to manage pain and arthritis. A general starting dose of 1 mg is recommended for anxiety and behavioral conditions or loss of appetite. Consecutive doses should not be increased by more than 2 mg, with a maximum of 2 doses per day.
- Large (30 – 60 lbs)
General pain in large dogs. Depending on the severity of the pain, an initial dose of 1-3 mg of CBD is recommended to help. If there is no change after the first dose, try increasing successive doses by more than 3 mg. But be careful, you should not give more than two doses in 24 hours.
In cases such as eating disorders and behavioral disorders, the initial dose is recommended as 1 mg and, additional doses do not exceed 2 mg. It is recommended that you monitor your dog’s behavior closely, as it is difficult to gauge when CBD will begin to take effect.
- Extra Large (60+ lbs)
Doses applied in large dogs are valid for these dogs.
CBD Oil for Dogs: Side Effects to Watch Out for
While more research needs to be done, initial research shows that hemp-derived CBD oil side effects are minimal, and the cannabinoid is generally safe and non-toxic, even when taken long-term. It’s also true that developing a tolerance for CBD doesn’t happen, so you don’t need to increase your dog’s dosage over time once you find the most suitable amount for him.
If your dog is already taking medication, talk to your vet about possible interactions before starting on CBD. CBD can alter the liver’s ability to break down medications, so you want to “OK” before adding it to your dog’s health regimen. Make sure to give your dog a high-quality, hemp-derived CBD product. Only hemp CBD contains little or no THC, the psychoactive “intoxicating” compound found in cannabis.
Frequently asked questions about CBD and dogs are as follows,
- Can CBD Reduce Seizures in Dogs?
Research says the answer to this question is promising. Stephanie McGrath did a study at CSU to see if CBD could help with epilepsy. In the study, She was observed that the seizure frequency of sick (epilepsy) dogs using CBD was significantly reduced.
- How Long Does CBD Stay in a Dog’s System?
This depends on factors such as the dog’s size and physiology but generally stays for up to 24 hours.
- Do Veterinarians Recommend CBD Oil for Dogs?
The answer is no. Because cannabis is only federally legal. It is not CBD. Veterinarians can discuss giving CBD but cannot prescribe it.
- Does CBD Work for Dogs with Arthritis?
Research says CBD can help relieve pain in dogs with arthritis when used in two appropriate dosages.
- Does CBD Work for Dog Allergies?
There is a study that shows that CBD oil will help relieve allergies in dogs. A 2012 study found that CBD can help with symptoms of atopic dermatitis in dogs. But we have to wait for more clinical studies for a clear answer.
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