Cannabis, whose homeland is Central Asia, is hard, bushy, hollow, palmate-leaved, dioecious, and annual. In addition, the fibers are durable and quite long. Due to this feature, it is often preferred in areas such as sacks, rope bags, nets. Cannabis is a very powerful plant and almost no need for drugs in its production. Many products can be produced from cannabis. Do you know what are they?
Cannabis, which is a woody plant rich in cellulose, and synthetic fibers, whose fibers are petroleum by-industry products, were used as a fiber source all over the world before they became widespread worldwide. The leaves of cannabis are used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. In addition to the leaves and fibers of hemp, its seeds are also used. Hemp seeds are used as fuel in terms of being very oily and as food, because they are highly nutritious. Let’s take a look at all cannabis products together.
Cannabis Products by Uses
Cannabis’ active substances are secreted from silvery glands in the terminal leaves and perigonal leaves of female cannabis. Female cannabis which can also be used as a source of marijuana, branches and leaves more than male plants. It is possible to obtain a minimum of 3.5 g of quality cannabis from each plant.
In many cannabinoid substances that make up cannabis, the main substance with a narcotic effect is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC, an aromatic terpenoid, is very soluble in organic solvents and very slightly soluble in water. It is used in medicine to prevent nausea, increase appetite and reduce pain, especially in cancer patients. As a result of research in recent years, its use in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease has gained great importance.
The fibers of the plant can be used as twine, rope, sail, fishing net, burlap, tent, etc. It is used in the manufacture of coarse woven products that are resistant to seawater. After flax (Linum Usatissimum) fiber, hemp fiber is the most resistant to breaking. Summer dresses and underwear are made from fine fibers. The seeds of the plant contain 20-35% fixed oil. It is especially rich in Omega-6 and Omega-3 fatty acids. Just like flax oil, it is used for industrial purposes such as the production of soap.
Another important industrial product obtained from the plant is its essential oil obtained by the steam distillation method. It is an oil that is rich in components such as alpha and beta-pinene, trans-caryophyllene, and myrcene. It is used in perfume, cosmetics, medicine, food flavoring, and aromatherapy. This essential oil also has a high potential for use as an agrochemical, in the control of bacteria, insects, and weeds.
The main usage area of hemp is known as textile. High-quality cannabis plants are known to show longevity. If hemp cultivation is completed successfully, the hemp fabric is resistant to UV rays. At the same time, shipping is among the sectors in which cannabis is used. On ships, it is often used for sails and rigging.
Compared to cotton, hemp has a stronger structure. In addition, hemp production requires less fresh water and chemicals. It is often mixed, especially with organic cotton. In this way, the quality of hemp increases. It is used in the manufacture of clothes, hats, sweaters, trousers, and shirts in the field of textiles. At the same time, cosmetics are among the sectors where hemp is used. Healthy foods and personal care products also contain hemp.
Hemp, which is also used in paper production, reduces the pressure on forests. In this way, trees are prevented from being cut for paper production. Hemp requires a small amount of bleach. At the same time, hemp fibers are known to last longer than other fibers. It is also possible to enrich the soil as fertilizer. It is also beneficial for soil retention.
Cannabis Usage Areas
The textile and apparel of cannabis is one of its oldest and well-known uses. Well-made hemp garments are known to last for years. Hemp fabric is naturally resistant to UV rays and mildew, and if treated it will resist saltwater (for centuries hemp has been used for sails and rigging on ocean-going ships). It is also a very breathable fabric and is naturally comfortable.
Compared to cotton, hemp is stronger and requires less toxic chemicals and freshwater to grow and produce. In recent years, it has become a popular practice to mix hemp with other fabrics, especially organic cotton. In this way, the strength of the hemp increases and gains a pleasant softness. Hemp can also be easily blended with flax.
Hemp textiles and apparel are found in casual wear such as hats, shirts, trousers, and sweaters, as well as designer apparel specially selected for the exceptional applications of hemp. If made with care and quality, hemp fabric can meet the needs of the most demanding manufacturers.
Increasing population and increasing disposable income are expected to result in increased demand for high-quality cosmetics, personal care products, protein supplements, and other health food products. These factors are expected to be key factors for the market during the forecast period.
Increasing R&D activities to improve agricultural processing capabilities and genetics of new crops to achieve higher yields and better product quality have a positive impact on cannabis production. Companies in the market are working on fiber processing technology to make the fiber water repellent, fire-resistant, absorbent, and super soft which is expected to bring demand.
Industrial Cannabis Fiber Products
Cannabis fiber is a bast fiber similar to flax, jute, and ramie. All bast fiber plants have long thin primary fibers (bast fibers) and wood-like inner core fibers on the outside of the stem. The technical properties of hemp fiber lead to its use in traditional fiber products as well as innovative products.
Bast fibers are often used for textiles (including carpets and clothing) and industrial uses such as geotextiles, erosion control blankets, and composite reinforcements and fillers (largest current and future use for hemp fiber). The high-strength and economical properties of hemp fiber allow it to be used after replacing a number of molded composites for glass parts and synthetics: car parts, building materials, as well as consumer products.
The advantages of using hemp for fiber in the industry are excellent physical properties in strength and modules, cost-effectiveness, and increased availability in compound and paper applications. A wide variety of fiber formats and qualities are now possible. Hemp fibers can be manufactured to be lighter, stronger, and less expensive than fiberglass.
The wood-like core fiber of the hemp plant can be used for bedding (animals do not eat it and it is very absorbent), garden mulches, and a variety of building materials such as hemp. The industrial use of hemp is also attractive because it can be grown and produced in accordance with sustainable and ecological principles.
The economic reality of hemp is that the price of hemp cannot compete with waste products (wood, straw, stove, etc.). It is technically possible to produce products such as biofuels or medium-density fiberboard, but there are challenges in offering a competitive cost. Hemp waste fibers are worth between 4 and 10 times, so it needs to find its way to the right crop markets and products.
However, with increasing resources around the world, hemp is becoming more economically competitive. In particular, hemp can replace many petroleum-derived products, including plastic and composite products. Despite the development of all other industries since 1938, hemp has not had the chance or funding to develop the infrastructure to turn harvested raw material into usable and valuable raw materials. Trading hemp fiber is somehow a risk that should be well calculated.
In the textile industry, the male sexual individuals of Sativa-type cannabis are used to obtain fiber. The plant has a gnarled, long stem and there are different categories of fibers in the stem section. Primary fibers are suitable for textile use and these fibers are found in the shell part and consist of reptilian tissue. The number of fibers does not change during the growth process of the plant, but the fibers lengthen. The distance between the nodes determines the fiber length, the fiber thickness increases towards the bottom of the body. Hemp fibers consist of fiber bundles, and each fiber cell is 20-35 microns. The bright hemp fibers are yellow-brown and the cross-section of the fiber is polygonal.
The cannabis harvest for fiber production is done just before the end of the flowering period, usually in August. Harvested pots are laid out for drying. In order to obtain long fiber, care should be taken to ensure that the plant stems are parallel. Drying is completed when the water content in the pots falls below 15%.
The following process is Pooling. It is applied by placing the hemp stalks in the form of bundles in isolated areas in the stream, by placing the hemp bundles completely submerged in the water. It can be used for this process in concrete pools. The waiting time can vary from 10 days to 40 days, depending on the temperature of the water and micro-organism activity.
The next step after docking is the removal of the outer shell, which is a mechanical process. The purpose of this process is to separate non-fiber bark and woody parts from fibers by turning them into small pieces. The pots are first passed through grooved cylinders and the woody parts are broken, and then foreign materials are removed with the help of rotating blades.
Despite being a natural cellulose fiber, hemp fiber contains a significant amount of non-cellulose materials, unlike cotton. The substances in the fiber composition affect the fiber properties and behavior as well as the production properties. For this reason, it is important to know the materials that make up the fiber well in order to choose the optimum process conditions and to predict the usage properties of the product to be produced from this fiber. In addition to cellulose, hemp fibers contain hemicellulose, lignin, and pectin.
Hemp is a natural fiber that provides high strength, durability, and absorbency. The annual fiber yield is quite high. Good electrostatic properties, UV protection, and anti-allergic properties are other properties that can be gained to the textile material by using this fiber.
Cotton and linen are natural fibers used extensively in the textile industry. In addition to high water consumption, pesticides and fertilizers are used in the production of these fibers. Synthetic fibers are associated with fossil fuels. On the other hand, the cannabis plant can be grown without the need for fertilizers and pesticides, which demonstrates the suitability of the cannabis plant for organic farming production aimed at protecting the soil and the environment. Additionally, cannabis is a crop rotation crop and kills weeds, leaving a rich soil structure for the next crop.
Using hemp for paper relieves pressure on forests and helps protect habitats and wildlife. Hemp lignin content is low; Depending on the grade and processing, hemp may require less bleach. Hemp fibers also have a longer lifespan compared to other recycled fibers.
It can be used to produce an alternative product containing hemp, biodiesel, and ethanol. Seed or straw can be used, although the process will vary depending on which feedstock is used. There is technical debate as to the feasibility of using cannabis seeds for this application. Cannabis seeds are very valuable, so the cost is not attractive either. Since hemp is a biomass champion, the use of cellulose as a source of sugars used in the creation of alternative fuels has greater potential. It has arguably greater potential with hemp biomass to generate energy for power plants and industry.
Medical Cannabis Products
The global debate over the regulation of cannabis has intensified in recent years, and jurisdictions have increasingly changed their laws to allow medicinal or therapeutic use of the plant. Various countries have enacted policies that give patients access to certain types of preparations to relieve symptoms, reduce pain, or improve their quality of life. However, while all these experiences can be considered progress, not all regulatory regimes are equal and not all reforms will have the same impact.
The United States and Canada may be the most developed countries in the development of a drug. In the United States, 29 states currently have medical marijuana use, as well as medical cultivation, production, processing, sales, and taxation for cannabis and its derivatives. The United States is therefore a good example of a mixed process.
In Canada, there are approximately 44 licensed producers authorized by the Department of Health, as well as 76 potential owning producers. There are also thousands of Canadians licensed to consume. Self-cultivation of medical marijuana is permitted as long as its authorization does not exceed six plants, and use may be justified.
Meanwhile, the Netherlands legalized the medical use of cannabis in 2000 and established the Medical Marijuana Bureau (BMC), creating a strong pharmacological industry led by Bedrocan Medical Cannabis, which had a monopoly on all medical cannabis production and distribution. All cannabis that passes through BMC is prepared with different percentages of THC and CBD, which improves and standardizes domestic demand. Five types of exported drugs were produced by Bedrocan from the cannabis flower. Medical marijuana is produced nationwide and is controlled by the Medical Marijuana Administration.
CBD production is a very lucrative investment proposition: According to some American and Canadian estimates, registered crops containing 1% – 3% CBD could theoretically bring in about US$37,500 per hectare. Europe’s <2% THC restrictions make it difficult to obtain more CBD from legal strains in Europe.
Cannabis Sativa is the botanical name for the plant species. There are many species of the Cannabis Sativa plant. One of the common types is the industrial hemp we produce, the hemp oil, and the other is Marijuana. These are different plants, but both come from the same plant family. Industrial Hemp naturally produces higher levels (CBD) and lower levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It is legalized for cultivation in the USA under the Industrial Marijuana Farm Act. Marijuana plants, on the contrary, produce high THC and low CBD levels. The legal status of marijuana varies greatly from state to state.
Nutritional Cannabis Products
Cannabis is an excellent source of Omega – 3 and 6 nutrients and amino acids. The presence of these nutrients helps regulate general conditions such as heart function, insulin balance, skin, and joint health. Omega – 3 and 6 and amino acids are not produced by the body, so they must be taken from the outside. Hemp seed oil is processed into protein powder or seeds with or without shells and can be used in the daily diet since it is an excellent source of these nutrients.
Today, there are many different healthy hemp products that are an excellent source of nutrients. These include lactose-free milk, salad dressings, protein powders, and nutritional bars. Hemp is a healthy vegetable protein for animals, contributes to overall health and well-being, and gives the skin a rich shine. Cats, dogs, cows, and horses can additionally be fed hemp. Hemp seeds are also an excellent feed for birds. It can be used from chickens to songbirds to racing pigeons.
Cannabis foods are popping up on the shelves of grocery and natural food stores. Existing cannabis food products can now be found in salad dressing, nutrition bars, bread, cookies, corn chips, pasta, and ice cream. These products are not only sold for the “cannabis bag”; Manufacturers promote hemp foods for their exceptional nutritional benefits. Examining the composition of cannabis will help explain these benefits.
Like other oilseeds, hemp nut; that is, the husk seed consists mainly of oil (typically 45%), protein (35%), and dietary fiber, and other carbohydrates (10%, mainly originating from the remains of the husk). Additionally, hemp seeds contain Vitamin E complex tocopherols and vitamins including tocotrienols, phytosterols, and trace minerals. In general, the main nutritional advantage of hemp over other seeds lies in the composition of its oil; that is, it contains the fatty acid profile and all essential amino acids in nutritionally significant amounts and in a desirable ratio.
In clinical studies, these benefits are often achieved using Omega-3 rich fish and hemp seed oil supplements. As a more holistic approach, it can provide our overall dietary fat intake with a better Omega-6/3 ratio. It partially compensates for Omega-3 deficiencies in the rest of your diet. No other vegetable oil that can be used in most of our meals (up to 150 C) offers such high levels of a desirable Omega – 6/3 ratio.
Cosmetic Cannabis Products
Cannabis is known to be beneficial for the body, whether you use it for food, soap, hair care, or a cosmetic product. Natural cosmetics and body care products using hemp oil are widely offered. The range of healthy hemp body products includes shampoos, conditioner, hand and body lotions, bath and massage oil, moisturizing cream, and lip balm. Body care products containing hemp seed oil can reduce skin discomfort by soothing the skin and soothing dry or damaged skin. It also helps the skin retain moisture.
With regular use, body care products containing hemp seed oil help slow down the effects of skin aging and make the skin smooth, soft, and moist. Hemp soap is produced by many different companies, from international chains selling directly at farmers’ markets to summer soap manufacturers. It offers great variety and some very nice options for the consumer. Hemp soaps are available in bar and liquid forms with many interesting and tasteful recipes.
Hemp seed oil provides the balance of essential nutrients needed for strong healthy hair. In hair care products, it gives shine and manageability to the scalp. Hemp lip balm is a very popular choice for softening and moisturizing dry and chapped lips. Used by athletes, welders, etc. worldwide.
Cannabis Carbon Battery Products
The burgeoning semiconductor industry could be the key to China’s hegemony over the microchip industry. Semiconductors are traditionally made using silicon. But graphene semiconductors could one day lead to computers a thousand times faster, consuming significantly less power, and smaller than the silicon semiconductors used in computer transistors. In practice, the dwindling supply of graphene and costly production problems will continue. To put these together, Mitlin’s research has sparked interest in the potential of hemp to create the next generation of semiconductors.
The hemp-derived carbon nanomaterial has been used to replace graphite in high-power lithium-ion batteries to allow faster charging. It can be safely charged in less than 10 minutes. For the patented invention, Clarkson University’s GE President of Oil and Gas Systems, David Mitlin, and Enermat Technologies CEO David Hessler have secured $225,000 in grant funding through the National Science Foundation to continue their partnership to commercialize the energy storage technology invented by Mitlin. As a result of the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program award, Mitlin’s lab will receive $127,000, while Enermat will receive $98,000 in grant funding.
Other Cannabis Products
Cannabis is grown and processed in a variety of ways. The focus of the hemp industry is industrial fibers and hemp seed products. Due to the wide availability of other fibers, perceived production costs, and the limited scope of hemp to date, hemp is not widely used in many potential crops despite its strong technical benefits. However, as the research, design, and testing cycles progress and commercial applications are proven, some of the many other uses of hemp will emerge.
With its plant heights reaching 4.5 m and its high biomass yield, hemp collects a high amount of carbon from the atmosphere. This carbon will be stored in the plant’s fibers. Because of its deep root, hemp can also be superior to many other crops in terms of soil retention. If hemp fiber is processed into durable, long-lasting products, the captured carbon will be retained for the life of the product. For these reasons, hemp could turn out to be crucial in addressing climate change issues by acting as a carbon scavenger.
Hemp helps clean the soil by binding heavy metals to the fiber. Hemp has also been used as a plow or green manure crop to add Organic Matter to the soil. If cannabis follows a shallow-root row crop, the deep roots of cannabis help aerate the soil for crop rotation, and if left in the field, the leaves from the plant can also add organic matter to build soil and preserve soil life.
Best Cannabis Products That You Can Buy Online
- Cannabis Extract Night Face Cream – Natural Intensive Cream with Hemp Oil for Deep Nourishment – Super Moisturiser for Sensitive Skin – 50 ml
- Advanced Clinicals Hemp Seed Oil for Face. Cold Pressed Cannabis Sativa oil instantly hydrates skin and helps with Wrinkles, Fine Lines, and Expression Lines. (1.75oz)