When you say cannabis, it actually refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds of the Cannabis Sativa or Cannabis Indica plant. You can also make extracts from the cannabis plant. Hemp contains CBD, a chemical that acts on the brain and makes it better with THC, which has pain-relieving properties, without giving it a high potency. Both substances can be extracted and developed for use in short path distillation. There are several health benefits that cannabis users can enjoy. Despite all its purported health benefits, research on cannabis’ effects on the heart is starting to appear negative.
A recent article suggests that cannabis has at least one harmful effect, particularly on cardiovascular and heart health. The summary summarizes the previous literature on the effects of cannabis, particularly the psychotropic compound THC, on the cardiovascular system. It is concluded that there are at least three possible adverse effects of cannabis use on heart health: cannabis arteritis, hemp-induced vasospasm, and platelet aggregation.
Cannabis arteritis was first described in the 1960s, and more than 50 cases have been documented in the literature since then. In addition, there are many studies and case reports that describe a disease similar to thromboangiitis obliterans that affect young adults who smoke cannabis. In these cases, strokes and heart attacks usually occur within an hour of using marijuana. In addition, people diagnosed with cannabis arthritis were younger, more likely to be men, and more likely to have unilateral limb involvement compared with obliterative thromboangiitis. The mechanism of vasculitis is not fully understood at this time, but numerous reports suggest vasculopathy due to an arsenic-containing byproduct associated with endothelial inflammation.
Although marijuana has been shown to be prothrombotic, little is known about the mechanism of THC-induced platelet aggregation. Researchers have demonstrated the presence of CB1 and CB2 receptors in platelet cell membranes. It has also been shown that the expression of glycoprotein IIb-IIIa and P-selectin on platelet membranes increases in a dose-dependent manner during CB1 activation. In fact, there are numerous published case reports describing young adults with dependent non-atherosclerotic thrombi that may be secondary to chronic cannabis use.
Stimulation of CB1 and CB2 receptors has also been shown to modulate the function of cytoskeletal elements in the vessel wall; this can cause a range of inflammation that leads to the formation of atheroma. Since the lung and CVS receptors are populated by the CB1 and CB2 receptors, cannabis use was thought to play a role in the progression of atherosclerotic disease. Ironically, CB1 and CB2 receptors may play antagonistic roles in CV atherogenesis. CB1 has pro-inflammatory effects on macrophages and monocytes and a proatherogenic relationship with the endothelium. CB2 receptors support lipid homeostasis while displaying anti-inflammatory and atherogenic properties. Interestingly, both play a role in reducing the area of necrosis in ischemia-reperfusion injury of the heart.
However, it is still unclear if there is a link between cannabis and atherosclerosis. This may seem counterintuitive, given that studies suggest marijuana is beneficial for the cardiovascular system. Yet, this is a short-term benefit. What happens when you use cannabis chronic? Doesn’t look great for the cardiovascular system, according to the review. The review focused on the effects of the THC compound, so we cannot ignore the counteracting effects of other compounds such as cannabidiol (CBD). It seems that marijuana can cause some short-term side effects.
THC, for example, can cause a sharp increase in blood pressure and heart rate. In fact, some marijuana users anecdotally report palpitations at their climax. Chronic use of THC has been shown to increase cerebrovascular tone and blood pressure. It is believed to reduce cerebrovascular blood flow, which can increase the risk of stroke or transient ischemic attack. These harmful effects can be reversed by dropping cannabis.
What are the biological mechanisms behind these negative effects on the cardiovascular system? First, type 1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1) are expressed in many physiological systems, including cardiac muscle and vascular endothelium. THC has a strong affinity for the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Therefore, it is conceivable that THC may affect normal cardiovascular function by binding to CB1 receptors. Most of the studies reviewed in this article are observational or toxicology experiments that show a correlation between THC use and the risk of developing problems with the cardiovascular system.
The review includes an animal study suggesting that THC has a regulatory effect on atherogenesis through the activation of CB2 receptors. CB2 receptors are believed to be responsible for marijuana’s anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic effects. However, observational and toxicology studies should give us a break. It can be difficult to accept the notion that marijuana (especially THC) has a negative impact on health. However, as cannabis and health science gains momentum, we must prepare for the possibility of bad news.
The Effects of Cannabis on the Heart Health
THC is the main psychoactive component in cannabis or marijuana that makes a person feel high. Products containing THC stimulates the heart and increase vascular inflammation and oxidative stress. This can lead to high blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythms, and overall higher risk of heart attack, stroke, and sudden death. Experts say marijuana may have medicinal properties, but can also be harmful to the heart and blood vessels. In the expert’s opinion, several studies on the subject have been studied, and cannabis use has increased over the past decade.
Hemp, also known as marijuana, refers to the cannabis plant varieties that contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the main psychoactive (psychoactive) component in cannabis that can make you feel high. Cannabinoids are compounds in cannabis. Cannabidiol or CBD is a known cannabinoid that is believed to have certain health benefits. CBD is different from THC. The researchers found it difficult to study cannabis as the drug was included in Schedule 1. By definition, this means it has no medical use and is possibly harmful. In the report, experts encouraged the federal drug control agency to remove cannabis from the label.
Chemicals in marijuana have been linked to an increased risk of heart attack, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation. However, these studies are observational and have not proven that the increased risk is caused by chemicals. One study reported that 6% of patients under the age of 50 who had a heart attack used cannabis. It was associated with worse overall and cardiovascular mortality. Another study found that the likelihood of stroke was significantly higher among cannabis users between the ages of 18 and 44 and that those who used cannabis were more likely than non-users.
It is already known that marijuana can impair coagulation, exacerbate acute cardiovascular events, and produce weak vascular effects. However, we still have no idea about the impact on occasional users, high dose users, and very chronic users. When cannabis is used for a short time in some patients, its benefits may outweigh the risks. However, there are additional dangers associated with contaminated products and fumes. Certain forms of cannabis delivery, such as e-cigarettes, can also have unique effects on cardiovascular health. Since cannabinoid receptors are distributed throughout the body, including the heart, they can affect the heart.
However, not all research on cannabis does harm. Products containing THC stimulates the heart and increase vascular inflammation and oxidative stress. This can lead to high blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythms, and overall higher risk of heart attack, stroke, and sudden death. If the THC level is too high or if swallowed within a short period of time, it may cause side effects in the elderly taking medications already. In contrast, products containing CBD reduces inflammation and emotional stress, which can help reduce the risk of heart disease.
There are potentially opposing effects between THC and CBD in promoting heart disease that can protect against its development and progression. While cannabis can be an effective treatment for medical purposes such as controlling seizures or reducing nausea and improving appetite in people with cancer or HIV, some people are unaware of its benefits. Possible harm when used in recreation or not tested. A well-designed clinical study is needed to determine whether daily CBD use reduces the risk of heart attack, stroke, or cardiovascular death.
Experts cite the lack of robust data to state the benefits and harms of cannabis on the cardiovascular system. Due to increased levels of THC in cannabis, previous studies may only reflect the effects of lower THC levels in humans. Most research on cannabis is observational and ignores the fact that some cannabis users also smoke. It is not fully understood whether THC can harm the heart and to what extent if there are no significant risk factors such as smoking. As more and more people aged 65 and over keep using cannabis, the risk of heart attack also increases.
Much of what we know about marijuana’s cardiovascular effects comes from smoked marijuana studies. Much more research needs to be done on other cannabis strains such as food, tinctures, and themed preparations. We also need to investigate how cannabis affects the heart and lungs, as it outpaces the use of cannabis as the most common use among young people. Patients and doctors should be clear about marijuana use and its effects. While cardiologists frequently discuss and counsel their patients about tobacco use, they rarely monitor cannabis use. Similarly, patients may not be aware that cannabis can have significant effects on blood pressure, cardiovascular drug metabolism, and overall heart health, some of which may be very similar in terms of effects.
Cannabis and Heart Health: A Scientific Approach
Many states in the U.S allow you to legally use cannabis for a range of health benefits, including chronic pain, anxiety, and nausea. Smoking is the fastest way to experience the effects of marijuana-derived from the cannabis Sativa plant. However, marijuana smoke contains many of the same toxins, irritants, and carcinogens as cigarette smoke, which contributes to heart disease and cancer. The cultivation and use of cannabis date back to about 6,000 years ago. However, the cardiovascular and other health effects of marijuana have not been well studied yet.
This is partly because marijuana is a Schedule I substance under federal law, meaning it currently has no accepted medical use and has a high potential for abuse. This assignment severely restricts researchers, making rigorous research on cannabis difficult. Therefore, everything that has been said about what marijuana does and what it doesn’t do should be looked at carefully. This applies to both risks and benefits. Some of the strongest evidence for the use of medicinal marijuana is the benefits of cannabis in treating chronic pain.
Cannabinoid compounds interact with receptors on nerve cells to slow pain impulses and relieve discomfort. Cannabinoids have also been shown to be effective in relieving nausea and vomiting. In addition, marijuana is a powerful appetite stimulant. The combination of these properties makes cannabis a treatment option for people struggling with the side effects of chemotherapy and others at risk of unintentional weight loss. However, in situations where additional weight gain can exacerbate existing health problems such as diabetes, stimulating appetite can be counterproductive.
People with heart diseases who are under stress experience chest pain quicker than they normally would. This is due to the complex effects cannabinoids have on the cardiovascular system; this includes increased resting heart rate, dilation of blood vessels, and increased heart pressure. Studies show that within an hour of using cannabis, the risk of a heart attack is many times higher than normal. While it does not pose a significant threat to people with minimal cardiovascular risk, it should have a wake-up call for anyone with a history of heart disease.
While the evidence is weaker, there are also links with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation or ischemic stroke immediately after using marijuana. Consistent with these associations, research also suggests that marijuana use may increase the long-term mortality rate for those who have had a heart attack. Most of the evidence linking marijuana to heart attacks and strokes is based on reports from people who use it. Therefore, it is difficult to separate the effects of cannabinoid compounds on the cardiovascular system from the dangers posed by irritants and carcinogens in smoke. Since cannabis smoke is known to cause inflammation of the airways, wheezing, and tightness in the chest, people with lung disease should not smoke. Other people who should simply reject marijuana are those prone to schizophrenia or addiction.
The cannabis plant contains more than 100 unique chemical components classified as cannabinoids. These are active substances that bind to specific receptors in the brain and other parts of the body. The two most common types are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and non-psychoactive cannabidiol (CBD), which are primarily responsible for the psychotropic properties desired by recreational users. Cannabidiol may actually work to counter the psychoactive properties of THC. The extent of the psychoactive effects of marijuana depends on the concentration of THC in the stem of the respective plant, the parts of the plant used, and the way the drug enters the body. Legalization in some states resulted in the selection of species that were three to seven times stronger than those available thirty years ago. The effects of smoked or inhaled marijuana are usually felt within a few minutes and last for two to four hours. Marijuana’s effects are slower and take longer to be felt with food or drink.
The Harms of Cannabis on Your Heart
According to the American Heart Association’s new scientific opinion on cannabis, you may love to smoke cannabis, but your heart doesn’t like it. Experts advise people not to smoke or vaporize substances, including hemp products, as they can potentially cause damage to the heart, lungs, and blood vessels. A new scientific opinion examined existing research on the relationship between cannabis and the heart. Marijuana use has the potential to interrupt prescription medications and trigger cardiovascular disorders or events such as heart attacks and strokes.
Anyone considering marijuana should first discuss potential risks with their doctor. When people use marijuana for its medicinal or recreational effects, oral and topical forms in which doses can be measured can reduce some of the potential harm. It is also important for people to only use legal cannabis products, as there is no control over the quality or content of street cannabis products. Some studies reviewed by the medical group found that abnormal heart rhythms, such as tachycardia and atrial fibrillation, can occur within an hour of ingesting the THC-containing herb. THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the psychoactive substance in cannabis. Other studies show that tetrahydrocannabinol can increase heart rate, increase the heart’s oxygen demand, alter artery walls, and contribute to elevating blood pressure while lying down.
Cannabis smoke contains components similar to tobacco smoke, and research shows that after smoking cannabis, a person who smokes cannabis has tobacco-like increases in blood carbon monoxide levels. Chest pain, heart attack, irregular heartbeats, and other serious heart problems have been linked to carbon monoxide poisoning from tobacco and marijuana. Risks increase for anyone with pre-existing heart disease. Smoking marijuana may trigger a heart attack, stroke risk, and heart failure in people with heart disease.
By comparison, CBD or cannabidiol, one of the other 80 chemicals in cannabis, does not typically produce the effects associated with THC. It also doesn’t seem to hurt the heart. In fact, studies reviewed by the medical group have shown possible associations with lower blood pressure, decreased heart rate, and decreased inflammation; all of these can lead to narrowing of the arteries. Despite hundreds of products currently sold over the counter and online, there is only one CBD derivative approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
There is one caveat in all these studies: current studies on marijuana and the heart are retrospective, short-term observational studies that identify trends but do not prove cause and effect. There is an urgent need for short-term and long-term prospective studies. However, this is difficult in the current climate as marijuana is classified as the world’s controlled substance List I. This severely limits research and the RIA should lift these restrictions so that Scientists can better understand and study the effects of cannabis.
Additionally, the medical group recommended that cannabis be part of the US Food and Drug Administration’s tobacco prevention and control efforts, which could mean that there will be age restrictions for them. Authorized persons to purchase weeds, retail regulations, and even excise taxes. The public needs objective and valid scientific information on the effects of cannabis on the heart and blood vessels. Research funding should be increased at federal and state levels to keep pace with the widespread use of cannabis, to clarify potential therapeutic properties, and to better understand the cardiovascular and health effects of frequent cannabis use.
Contrary to Popular Belief, Cannabis Has No Benefits for the Heart
The chemicals within cannabis have been linked to an increased risk of heart attack, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation in observational studies. However, a full understanding of the effects of marijuana use on the heart and blood vessels is limited by the lack of adequate research. While cannabis may be helpful in conditions such as spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis, cannabis does not appear to have any well-documented benefits in preventing or treating cardiovascular disease. Preliminary studies have shown that marijuana use can have negative effects on the heart and blood vessels.
Attitudes towards recreational and medicinal uses of cannabis have developed rapidly, and many states have legalized it for medical and/or recreational purposes. Healthcare professionals need to better understand the health effects of cannabis, which can interfere with prescription drugs and/or cause cardiovascular disease or events such as heart attacks and strokes. A study recently cited in the statement shows that 6% of heart attack patients under the age of 50 use cannabis. Another study found that cannabis users between the ages of 18 and 44 have a significantly higher risk of stroke than non-users.
Unfortunately, most of the available data are short-term, observational, retrospective studies that describe trends but do not show cause and effect. Some studies have shown that THC can cause abnormal heart rhythms such as tachycardia, premature ventricular contractions, atrial fibrillation, and ventricular arrhythmias in cannabis smoking for an hour. Acutely, THC appears to stimulate the sympathetic nervous system responsible for the “fight or flight” response, resulting in a higher heart rate, increased oxygen demand from the heart, and higher blood pressure. It leads to obstruction and dysfunction of the artery walls.
In contrast, non-intoxicating studies of CBD found associations with decreased heart rate, lower blood pressure, increased vasodilation (the ability of the arteries to open) and lower blood pressure, and possibly decreased inflammation. Inflammation is associated with atherosclerosis, the slow narrowing of the arteries that causes most heart attacks and possibly strokes. Smoking and inhaling cannabis have been associated with cardiomyopathy (heart muscle dysfunction), angina (chest pain), heart attack, arrhythmia, and sudden death, and serious heart and cardiovascular disease, regardless of THC levels.
Cannabis Use and Heart Attacks
In the states where cannabis was legalized, hospitalizations, and visits to the emergency room for heart attacks increased. The way marijuana is consumed can affect the way it affects the heart and blood vessels. Many consumers and health professionals are unaware that cannabis smoke contains ingredients similar to tobacco smoke. Smoking and inhaling marijuana, regardless of the THC content, showed that the levels of carboxyhemoglobin in the blood were five times (carbon monoxide) and three times higher than that of tar (partially burnt flammable substance).
Carbon monoxide poisoning caused by inhaling tobacco or marijuana has been linked to a variety of heart problems, including heart disease, chest pain, heart attack, irregular heartbeats, and other serious medical conditions. Marijuana use should be discussed in detail with a healthcare professional before potential risks to a person’s health can be considered. When people use marijuana for its medicinal or recreational effects, oral and topical forms in which doses can be measured can reduce some of the potential harm. It is also important for people to only use legal cannabis products, as there is no control over the quality or content of street cannabis products.
People who use cannabis should be aware that, just like tobacco smoke, smoking or electronic cigarette use poses potentially serious health risks. The American Heart Association recommends that people do not smoke or vaporize substances, including marijuana products, as this can cause potential damage to the heart, lungs, and blood vessels. The statement also addresses the use of cannabis by other populations, including the elderly and young people diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. Some studies suggest that cannabis use may be safe and effective for the elderly population. While they are the least likely to use cannabis, seniors often use it to relieve neuropathic pain, improve quality of life, and reduce the use of prescription drugs.
Additionally, some studies have also reported benefits for patients with age-related diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. However, there is little research on the long-term effects of marijuana use in this group of people. Another problem with the elderly who use cannabis is the potential of drug interactions, including blood thinners, antidepressants, antipsychotics, arrhythmic antiarrhythmics, and cholesterol-lowering statins. Cannabis should be used with extreme caution in patients with heart disease as it increases the oxygen demand of the heart and decreases the availability of oxygen that can lead to angina.
Medical Cannabis and Heart Health
Also, in some studies, cannabis triggered a heart attack in people with underlying heart disease. Other studies have linked marijuana use to an increased risk of stroke and heart failure. We urgently need short and long-term prospective studies on cannabis use and cardiovascular safety that are carefully designed as cannabis is becoming more common and widespread. The public needs objective and valid scientific information on the effects of cannabis on the heart and blood vessels. Research funding should be increased at the federal and state levels to address the spread of cannabis use, clarify potential therapeutic properties, and better understand the cardiovascular and health effects of frequent use.
The legalization of marijuana for medical purposes should be based on patient safety and efficacy. The legalization of recreational use will remain a major concern until more research is conducted on its safety and long-term impact on the health of the population and its impact on the population throughout life. This is justice and the social justice of laws. States, where cannabis is legal for recreational or medical purposes, should have a strong public health infrastructure that is adequately funded and implemented to minimize its impact on CVD mortality, especially among young people with heart disease. The statement urged the federal government to create standardized labeling for the amount of THC and CBD and to demand this for all legal cannabis products.
The association believes that cannabis should be closely involved in comprehensive tobacco prevention and control efforts that include age restrictions for purchase, retailer compliance, excise taxes, and comprehensive tobacco laws. smokeless air, professional training, clinical environment screening, and insurance coverage, Medicare, and Medicaid treatment programs. These efforts should be adequately funded and at least part of the cannabis tax revenues should be used for programs and services aimed at improving public health. Thus, an environment where the people can benefit from medical cannabis and there will be no reason to worry about the “drug” feelings of the plant can be achieved.
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